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[Cold Email] Financial Direct Response Companies... Need Some Advice.

I have been building a huge list of Direct Response Companies in the Financial Niche for about a month.
The list is now down to the companies I would really love to work for in my Financial Copywriting Career.
Context: So I have been working as a Freelancer with multiple clients in many industries for +2 years... However, I have realized that I enjoy Financial Copy more than anything else - because I have been a Forex Trader for about 4 years and that is my passion - Anyways, I would love to work with Financial Publishing firms on their Promos...
It just seems like the right thing to do.
So, I am now considering Cold Emailing my list...
>> Yes I know, I will email each prospect personally and not Email Blast the list. This will only serve as my guideline/template for each email.
I have a list of about +100 prospects & my objective is to close at least 1 prospect on a project in the short term & ideally a Retainer in the long term... I can be patient in this regard.
So, I have drafted a short email and I would appreciate any feedback, Critique, suggestions, etc. to improve my chances of landing at least one client;
Here is the email draft:
---
Subject Line #1: New Big Ideas As The New Normal…
Subject Line #2: (No Subject)
Subject Line #3: Re: Direct Response Copywriter
Subject Line #4: Hey , Found You Through
Subject Line #5: Never Enough Direct Response Copywriters
Subject Line #6: Hey - Congrats On The .
Hey
I would love to help your Copywriters (OR Creative Team) with any of their current copy needs.
>>> This can range between a Short Form Ad to an Entire Front/Back - end Offer.
I'm looking for a longer-term relationship with .
So, I'm not afraid of going on a date before we get married. ;)
>>> I have never worked on a promo before...
However, my unorthodox knowledge of the Austrian School of Economics will help develop Different Angles and Big Ideas for any promo that I contribute to.
Reply back with your thoughts on my proposal and we can hop on a call to discuss your copy needs… And whether I’m a good fit or not.
Cheers!
P.S. Here is a Link to my Samples: xxx
submitted by M-kopy to digitalnomad [link] [comments]

No, the British did not steal $45 trillion from India

This is an updated copy of the version on BadHistory. I plan to update it in accordance with the feedback I got.
I'd like to thank two people who will remain anonymous for helping me greatly with this post (you know who you are)
Three years ago a festschrift for Binay Bhushan Chaudhuri was published by Shubhra Chakrabarti, a history teacher at the University of Delhi and Utsa Patnaik, a Marxist economist who taught at JNU until 2010.
One of the essays in the festschirt by Utsa Patnaik was an attempt to quantify the "drain" undergone by India during British Rule. Her conclusion? Britain robbed India of $45 trillion (or £9.2 trillion) during their 200 or so years of rule. This figure was immensely popular, and got republished in several major news outlets (here, here, here, here (they get the number wrong) and more recently here), got a mention from the Minister of External Affairs & returns 29,100 results on Google. There's also plenty of references to it here on Reddit.
Patnaik is not the first to calculate such a figure. Angus Maddison thought it was £100 million, Simon Digby said £1 billion, Javier Estaban said £40 million see Roy (2019). The huge range of figures should set off some alarm bells.
So how did Patnaik calculate this (shockingly large) figure? Well, even though I don't have access to the festschrift, she conveniently has written an article detailing her methodology here. Let's have a look.
How exactly did the British manage to diddle us and drain our wealth’ ? was the question that Basudev Chatterjee (later editor of a volume in the Towards Freedom project) had posed to me 50 years ago when we were fellow-students abroad.
This is begging the question.
After decades of research I find that using India’s commodity export surplus as the measure and applying an interest rate of 5%, the total drain from 1765 to 1938, compounded up to 2016, comes to £9.2 trillion; since $4.86 exchanged for £1 those days, this sum equals about $45 trillion.
This is completely meaningless. To understand why it's meaningless consider India's annual coconut exports. These are almost certainly a surplus but the surplus in trade is countered by the other country buying the product (indeed, by definition, trade surpluses contribute to the GDP of a nation which hardly plays into intuitive conceptualisations of drain).
Furthermore, Dewey (2019) critiques the 5% interest rate.
She [Patnaik] consistently adopts statistical assumptions (such as compound interest at a rate of 5% per annum over centuries) that exaggerate the magnitude of the drain
Moving on:
The exact mechanism of drain, or transfers from India to Britain was quite simple.
Convenient.
Drain theory possessed the political merit of being easily grasped by a nation of peasants. [...] No other idea could arouse people than the thought that they were being taxed so that others in far off lands might live in comfort. [...] It was, therefore, inevitable that the drain theory became the main staple of nationalist political agitation during the Gandhian era.
- Chandra et al. (1989)
The key factor was Britain’s control over our taxation revenues combined with control over India’s financial gold and forex earnings from its booming commodity export surplus with the world. Simply put, Britain used locally raised rupee tax revenues to pay for its net import of goods, a highly abnormal use of budgetary funds not seen in any sovereign country.
The issue with figures like these is they all make certain methodological assumptions that are impossible to prove. From Roy in Frankema et al. (2019):
the "drain theory" of Indian poverty cannot be tested with evidence, for several reasons. First, it rests on the counterfactual that any money saved on account of factor payments abroad would translate into domestic investment, which can never be proved. Second, it rests on "the primitive notion that all payments to foreigners are "drain"", that is, on the assumption that these payments did not contribute to domestic national income to the equivalent extent (Kumar 1985, 384; see also Chaudhuri 1968). Again, this cannot be tested. [...] Fourth, while British officers serving India did receive salaries that were many times that of the average income in India, a paper using cross-country data shows that colonies with better paid officers were governed better (Jones 2013).
Indeed, drain theory rests on some very weak foundations. This, in of itself, should be enough to dismiss any of the other figures that get thrown out. Nonetheless, I felt it would be a useful exercise to continue exploring Patnaik's take on drain theory.
The East India Company from 1765 onwards allocated every year up to one-third of Indian budgetary revenues net of collection costs, to buy a large volume of goods for direct import into Britain, far in excess of that country’s own needs.
So what's going on here? Well Roy (2019) explains it better:
Colonial India ran an export surplus, which, together with foreign investment, was used to pay for services purchased from Britain. These payments included interest on public debt, salaries, and pensions paid to government offcers who had come from Britain, salaries of managers and engineers, guaranteed profts paid to railway companies, and repatriated business profts. How do we know that any of these payments involved paying too much? The answer is we do not.
So what was really happening is the government was paying its workers for services (as well as guaranteeing profits - to promote investment - something the GoI does today Dalal (2019), and promoting business in India), and those workers were remitting some of that money to Britain. This is hardly a drain (unless, of course, Indian diaspora around the world today are "draining" it). In some cases, the remittances would take the form of goods (as described) see Chaudhuri (1983):
It is obvious that these debit items were financed through the export surplus on merchandise account, and later, when railway construction started on a large scale in India, through capital import. Until 1833 the East India Company followed a cumbersome method in remitting the annual home charges. This was to purchase export commodities in India out of revenue, which were then shipped to London and the proceeds from their sale handed over to the home treasury.
While Roy's earlier point argues better paid officers governed better, it is honestly impossible to say what part of the repatriated export surplus was a drain, and what was not. However calling all of it a drain is definitely misguided.
It's worth noting that Patnaik seems to make no attempt to quantify the benefits of the Raj either, Dewey (2019)'s 2nd criticism:
she [Patnaik] consistently ignores research that would tend to cut the economic impact of the drain down to size, such as the work on the sources of investment during the industrial revolution (which shows that industrialisation was financed by the ploughed-back profits of industrialists) or the costs of empire school (which stresses the high price of imperial defence)

Since tropical goods were highly prized in other cold temperate countries which could never produce them, in effect these free goods represented international purchasing power for Britain which kept a part for its own use and re-exported the balance to other countries in Europe and North America against import of food grains, iron and other goods in which it was deficient.
Re-exports necessarily adds value to goods when the goods are processed and when the goods are transported. The country with the largest navy at the time would presumably be in very good stead to do the latter.
The British historians Phyllis Deane and WA Cole presented an incorrect estimate of Britain’s 18th-19th century trade volume, by leaving out re-exports completely. I found that by 1800 Britain’s total trade was 62% higher than their estimate, on applying the correct definition of trade including re-exports, that is used by the United Nations and by all other international organisations.
While interesting, and certainly expected for such an old book, re-exporting necessarily adds value to goods.
When the Crown took over from the Company, from 1861 a clever system was developed under which all of India’s financial gold and forex earnings from its fast-rising commodity export surplus with the world, was intercepted and appropriated by Britain. As before up to a third of India’s rising budgetary revenues was not spent domestically but was set aside as ‘expenditure abroad’.
So, what does this mean? Britain appropriated all of India's earnings, and then spent a third of it aboard? Not exactly. She is describing home charges see Roy (2019) again:
Some of the expenditures on defense and administration were made in sterling and went out of the country. This payment by the government was known as the Home Charges. For example, interest payment on loans raised to finance construction of railways and irrigation works, pensions paid to retired officers, and purchase of stores, were payments in sterling. [...] almost all money that the government paid abroad corresponded to the purchase of a service from abroad. [...] The balance of payments system that emerged after 1800 was based on standard business principles. India bought something and paid for it. State revenues were used to pay for wages of people hired abroad, pay for interest on loans raised abroad, and repatriation of profits on foreign investments coming into India. These were legitimate market transactions.
Indeed, if paying for what you buy is drain, then several billions of us are drained every day.
The Secretary of State for India in Council, based in London, invited foreign importers to deposit with him the payment (in gold, sterling and their own currencies) for their net imports from India, and these gold and forex payments disappeared into the yawning maw of the SoS’s account in the Bank of England.
It should be noted that India having two heads was beneficial, and encouraged investment per Roy (2019):
The fact that the India Office in London managed a part of the monetary system made India creditworthy, stabilized its currency, and encouraged foreign savers to put money into railways and private enterprise in India. Current research on the history of public debt shows that stable and large colonies found it easier to borrow abroad than independent economies because the investors trusted the guarantee of the colonist powers.

Against India’s net foreign earnings he issued bills, termed Council bills (CBs), to an equivalent rupee value. The rate (between gold-linked sterling and silver rupee) at which the bills were issued, was carefully adjusted to the last farthing, so that foreigners would never find it more profitable to ship financial gold as payment directly to Indians, compared to using the CB route. Foreign importers then sent the CBs by post or by telegraph to the export houses in India, that via the exchange banks were paid out of the budgeted provision of sums under ‘expenditure abroad’, and the exporters in turn paid the producers (peasants and artisans) from whom they sourced the goods.
Sunderland (2013) argues CBs had two main roles (and neither were part of a grand plot to keep gold out of India):
Council bills had two roles. They firstly promoted trade by handing the IO some control of the rate of exchange and allowing the exchange banks to remit funds to India and to hedge currency transaction risks. They also enabled the Indian government to transfer cash to England for the payment of its UK commitments.

The United Nations (1962) historical data for 1900 to 1960, show that for three decades up to 1928 (and very likely earlier too) India posted the second highest merchandise export surplus in the world, with USA in the first position. Not only were Indians deprived of every bit of the enormous international purchasing power they had earned over 175 years, even its rupee equivalent was not issued to them since not even the colonial government was credited with any part of India’s net gold and forex earnings against which it could issue rupees. The sleight-of-hand employed, namely ‘paying’ producers out of their own taxes, made India’s export surplus unrequited and constituted a tax-financed drain to the metropolis, as had been correctly pointed out by those highly insightful classical writers, Dadabhai Naoroji and RCDutt.
It doesn't appear that others appreciate their insight Roy (2019):
K. N. Chaudhuri rightly calls such practice ‘confused’ economics ‘coloured by political feelings’.

Surplus budgets to effect such heavy tax-financed transfers had a severe employment–reducing and income-deflating effect: mass consumption was squeezed in order to release export goods. Per capita annual foodgrains absorption in British India declined from 210 kg. during the period 1904-09, to 157 kg. during 1937-41, and to only 137 kg by 1946.
Dewey (1978) points out reliability issues with Indian agriculutural statistics, however this calorie decline persists to this day. Some of it is attributed to less food being consumed at home Smith (2015), a lower infectious disease burden Duh & Spears (2016) and diversified diets Vankatesh et al. (2016).
If even a part of its enormous foreign earnings had been credited to it and not entirely siphoned off, India could have imported modern technology to build up an industrial structure as Japan was doing.
This is, unfortunately, impossible to prove. Had the British not arrived in India, there is no clear indication that India would've united (this is arguably more plausible than the given counterfactual1). Had the British not arrived in India, there is no clear indication India would not have been nuked in WW2, much like Japan. Had the British not arrived in India, there is no clear indication India would not have been invaded by lizard people, much like Japan. The list continues eternally.
Nevertheless, I will charitably examine the given counterfactual anyway. Did pre-colonial India have industrial potential? The answer is a resounding no.
From Gupta (1980):
This article starts from the premise that while economic categories - the extent of commodity production, wage labour, monetarisation of the economy, etc - should be the basis for any analysis of the production relations of pre-British India, it is the nature of class struggles arising out of particular class alignments that finally gives the decisive twist to social change. Arguing on this premise, and analysing the available evidence, this article concludes that there was little potential for industrial revolution before the British arrived in India because, whatever might have been the character of economic categories of that period, the class relations had not sufficiently matured to develop productive forces and the required class struggle for a 'revolution' to take place.
A view echoed in Raychaudhuri (1983):
Yet all of this did not amount to an economic situation comparable to that of western Europe on the eve of the industrial revolution. Her technology - in agriculture as well as manufacturers - had by and large been stagnant for centuries. [...] The weakness of the Indian economy in the mid-eighteenth century, as compared to pre-industrial Europe was not simply a matter of technology and commercial and industrial organization. No scientific or geographical revolution formed part of the eighteenth-century Indian's historical experience. [...] Spontaneous movement towards industrialisation is unlikely in such a situation.
So now we've established India did not have industrial potential, was India similar to Japan just before the Meiji era? The answer, yet again, unsurprisingly, is no. Japan's economic situation was not comparable to India's, which allowed for Japan to finance its revolution. From Yasuba (1986):
All in all, the Japanese standard of living may not have been much below the English standard of living before industrialization, and both of them may have been considerably higher than the Indian standard of living. We can no longer say that Japan started from a pathetically low economic level and achieved a rapid or even "miraculous" economic growth. Japan's per capita income was almost as high as in Western Europe before industrialization, and it was possible for Japan to produce surplus in the Meiji Period to finance private and public capital formation.
The circumstances that led to Meiji Japan were extremely unique. See Tomlinson (1985):
Most modern comparisons between India and Japan, written by either Indianists or Japanese specialists, stress instead that industrial growth in Meiji Japan was the product of unique features that were not reproducible elsewhere. [...] it is undoubtably true that Japan's progress to industrialization has been unique and unrepeatable
So there you have it. Unsubstantiated statistical assumptions, calling any number you can a drain & assuming a counterfactual for no good reason gets you this $45 trillion number. Hopefully that's enough to bury it in the ground.
1. Several authors have affirmed that Indian identity is a colonial artefact. For example see Rajan 1969:
Perhaps the single greatest and most enduring impact of British rule over India is that it created an Indian nation, in the modern political sense. After centuries of rule by different dynasties overparts of the Indian sub-continent, and after about 100 years of British rule, Indians ceased to be merely Bengalis, Maharashtrians,or Tamils, linguistically and culturally.
or see Bryant 2000:
But then, it would be anachronistic to condemn eighteenth-century Indians, who served the British, as collaborators, when the notion of 'democratic' nationalism or of an Indian 'nation' did not then exist. [...] Indians who fought for them, differed from the Europeans in having a primary attachment to a non-belligerent religion, family and local chief, which was stronger than any identity they might have with a more remote prince or 'nation'.

Bibliography

Chakrabarti, Shubra & Patnaik, Utsa (2018). Agrarian and other histories: Essays for Binay Bhushan Chaudhuri. Colombia University Press
Hickel, Jason (2018). How the British stole $45 trillion from India. The Guardian
Bhuyan, Aroonim & Sharma, Krishan (2019). The Great Loot: How the British stole $45 trillion from India. Indiapost
Monbiot, George (2020). English Landowners have stolen our rights. It is time to reclaim them. The Guardian
Tsjeng, Zing (2020). How Britain Stole $45 trillion from India with trains | Empires of Dirt. Vice
Chaudhury, Dipanjan (2019). British looted $45 trillion from India in today’s value: Jaishankar. The Economic Times
Roy, Tirthankar (2019). How British rule changed India's economy: The Paradox of the Raj. Palgrave Macmillan
Patnaik, Utsa (2018). How the British impoverished India. Hindustan Times
Tuovila, Alicia (2019). Expenditure method. Investopedia
Dewey, Clive (2019). Changing the guard: The dissolution of the nationalist–Marxist orthodoxy in the agrarian and agricultural history of India. The Indian Economic & Social History Review
Chandra, Bipan et al. (1989). India's Struggle for Independence, 1857-1947. Penguin Books
Frankema, Ewout & Booth, Anne (2019). Fiscal Capacity and the Colonial State in Asia and Africa, c. 1850-1960. Cambridge University Press
Dalal, Sucheta (2019). IL&FS Controversy: Centre is Paying Up on Sovereign Guarantees to ADB, KfW for Group's Loan. TheWire
Chaudhuri, K.N. (1983). X - Foreign Trade and Balance of Payments (1757–1947). Cambridge University Press
Sunderland, David (2013). Financing the Raj: The City of London and Colonial India, 1858-1940. Boydell Press
Dewey, Clive (1978). Patwari and Chaukidar: Subordinate officials and the reliability of India’s agricultural statistics. Athlone Press
Smith, Lisa (2015). The great Indian calorie debate: Explaining rising undernourishment during India’s rapid economic growth. Food Policy
Duh, Josephine & Spears, Dean (2016). Health and Hunger: Disease, Energy Needs, and the Indian Calorie Consumption Puzzle. The Economic Journal
Vankatesh, P. et al. (2016). Relationship between Food Production and Consumption Diversity in India – Empirical Evidences from Cross Section Analysis. Agricultural Economics Research Review
Gupta, Shaibal (1980). Potential of Industrial Revolution in Pre-British India. Economic and Political Weekly
Raychaudhuri, Tapan (1983). I - The mid-eighteenth-century background. Cambridge University Press
Yasuba, Yasukichi (1986). Standard of Living in Japan Before Industrialization: From what Level did Japan Begin? A Comment. The Journal of Economic History
Tomblinson, B.R. (1985). Writing History Sideways: Lessons for Indian Economic Historians from Meiji Japan. Cambridge University Press
Rajan, M.S. (1969). The Impact of British Rule in India. Journal of Contemporary History
Bryant, G.J. (2000). Indigenous Mercenaries in the Service of European Imperialists: The Case of the Sepoys in the Early British Indian Army, 1750-1800. War in History
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[Cold Email] Financial Direct Response Companies... Need Some Advice.

I have been building a huge list of Direct Response Companies in the Financial Niche for about a month.
The list is now down to the companies I would really love to work for in my Financial Copywriting Career.
Context: So I have been working as a Freelancer with multiple clients in many industries for +2 years... However, I have realized that I enjoy Financial Copy more than anything else - because I have been a Forex Trader for about 4 years and that is my passion - Anyways, I would love to work with Financial Publishing firms on their Promos...
It just seems like the right thing to do.
So, I am now considering Cold Emailing my list...
>> Yes I know, I will email each prospect personally and not Email Blast the list. This will only serve as my guideline/template for each email.
I have a list of about +100 prospects & my objective is to close at least 1 prospect on a project in the short term & ideally a Retainer in the long term... I can be patient in this regard.
So, I have drafted a short email and I would appreciate any feedback, Critique, suggestions, etc. to improve my chances of landing at least one client;
Here is the email draft:
---
Subject Line #1: New Big Ideas As The New Normal…
Subject Line #2: (No Subject)
Subject Line #3: Re: Direct Response Copywriter
Subject Line #4: Hey , Found You Through
Subject Line #5: Never Enough Direct Response Copywriters
Subject Line #6: Hey - Congrats On The .
Hey
I would love to help your Copywriters (OR Creative Team) with any of their current copy needs.
>>> This can range between a Short Form Ad to an Entire Front/Back - end Offer.
I'm looking for a longer-term relationship with .
So, I'm not afraid of going on a date before we get married. ;)
>>> I have never worked on a promo before...
However, my unorthodox knowledge of the Austrian School of Thought will help develop Different Angles and Big Ideas for any promo that I contribute to.
Reply back with your thoughts on my proposal and we can hop on a call to discuss your copy needs… And whether I’m a good fit or not.
Cheers!
P.S. Here is a Link to my Samples: xxx
submitted by M-kopy to copywriting [link] [comments]

[Cold Email] Financial Direct Response Companies... Need Some Advice.

I have been building a huge list of Direct Response Companies in the Financial Niche for about a month.
The list is now down to the companies I would really love to work for in my Financial Copywriting Career.
Context: So I have been working as a Freelancer with multiple clients in many industries for +2 years... However, I have realized that I enjoy Financial Copy more than anything else - because I have been a Forex Trader for about 4 years and that is my passion - Anyways, I would love to work with Financial Publishing firms on their Promos...
It just seems like the right thing to do.
So, I am now considering Cold Emailing my list...
>> Yes I know, I will email each prospect personally and not Email Blast the list. This will only serve as my guideline/template for each email.
I have a list of about +100 prospects & my objective is to close at least 1 prospect on a project in the short term & ideally a Retainer in the long term... I can be patient in this regard.
So, I have drafted a short email and I would appreciate any feedback, Critique, suggestions, etc. to improve my chances of landing at least one client;
Here is the email draft:
---
Subject Line #1: New Big Ideas As The New Normal…
Subject Line #2: (No Subject)
Subject Line #3: Re: Direct Response Copywriter
Subject Line #4: Hey , Found You Through
Subject Line #5: Never Enough Direct Response Copywriters
Subject Line #6: Hey - Congrats On The .
Hey
I would love to help your Copywriters (OR Creative Team) with any of their current copy needs.
>>> This can range between a Short Form Ad to an Entire Front/Back - end Offer.
I'm looking for a longer-term relationship with .
So, I'm not afraid of going on a date before we get married. ;)
>>> I have never worked on a promo before...
However, my unorthodox knowledge of the Austrian School of Thought will help develop Different Angles and Big Ideas for any promo that I contribute to.
Reply back with your thoughts on my proposal and we can hop on a call to discuss your copy needs… And whether I’m a good fit or not.
Cheers!
P.S. Here is a Link to my Samples: xxx
submitted by M-kopy to Emailmarketing [link] [comments]

The next steps... [Erin Edition]

As we have been told multiple times, the difference between a High Silver and low Gold (or High gold and early Named) is the gear and the crucible.
Well, Erin has been through a "few" crucibles so far and that has never been the limiting factor for her. It has been her "gear"* that has been lagging behind. It is a joy to finally see her have the time, means and the capability to intentionally gear up for the challenges.
*Now, I use the word "Gear" as a veeeeeeery broad catch-all term when talking about our lady of Chaos and Nonconformity as a rough "Gear" list of hers can start with her apron, masterwork knife and acid jars; it can meander through things like "enough ambient mana storage to mimic a RTS Magic Defense Tower", "A non borked and 100% working WH40k Assault Teleportarium Complex" and end in entries like "4+ Gold Rank Teams", "60.000+ Cave Goblins", "A Reinforced Assault Platoon of Antinium" and so on.
Anyway, the following as a rough list of what Erin has access to as her arsenal without asking from someone else right now;
Aside from these, there is also the Stables planned and in the pipeline for the primaries list. And Magnolia's idiot Earthers... not that I can think any use for most of them except possibly Imani.
The secondary and tertiary lists are quite a bit larger and contains other resources Erin can utilize with a small heads up time or prep; like the Strongheart Farm, The Winstram Trio, Saliss, Grimalkin, Liscor's 4th Company, Antinium and so on but I will try to avoid discussing them here to keep the focus tight.
Now, with all the preliminary word salad out of the way, what else do you think would a good option for Erin to expand and glomp on to increase her arsenal/repertoire?
Personally, Erin being Erin, I feel the first option to go for is the local craftsmen;
Welp!, these are the few things I feel appropriate for Erin to add to her arsenal. What are your thoughts? Guesses? Suggestions?
[Edited] to add the Apiary and the Siege Bow.
submitted by NomadicChronicler to WanderingInn [link] [comments]

How Does PrimeXBT Help Traders Generate Profits In Ways That Other Platforms Don’t?

How Does PrimeXBT Help Traders Generate Profits In Ways That Other Platforms Don’t?

https://preview.redd.it/1uo03d0395n51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=47a8c8fc6a5f0029d7c648ef246aaceb0b032172

PrimeXBT is one of the true success stories of the cryptocurrency industry, having launched only 3 years ago and today growing to become the largest multi-asset margin trading platform on the market.
The exponential growth of PrimeXBT to the point it’s at today has been largely as a result of providing opportunities to generate profit which other trading platforms have not.
Let’s take a look at the innovative ways that PrimeXBT has provided advanced tools and features for its users, and the impact it’s had on its growth in the market.
What’s Different About 2020?
For much of the last 10 years of the life of cryptocurrency, trading platforms have faced limited competition and could largely dominate the market without much innovation being built into their systems.
Throughout 2016 and 2017 there was a huge growth in the number of traders in the market, and this had a knock-on effect where the additional trading revenue that was available led to a huge influx of new trading platforms establishing themselves as well.
This influx of competition has meant that only trading platforms that innovate are able to compete and secure a substantial amount of market share in the cryptocurrency space.
PrimeXBT - The World’s Leading Multi-Asset Margin Trading Platform
PrimeXBT has incorporated innovation into the fabric of its trading platform, with it being the first major cryptocurrency trading platform to focus solely on margin trading in the crypto space, and this in turn leading to a strong demand for its services.
Over a relatively short period of time of 2 or 3 years, PrimeXBT has continually grown at an exponential rate as it has integrated more services providing greater value for traders.
Today PrimeXBT has become the world's leading multi-asset margin trading platform, listing a wide range of cryptocurrencies and traditional assets and managing up to $2billion worth of global trade every day.
Wider Variety of Assets to Choose From
Unlike other platforms which focus only on cryptocurrencies, PrimeXBT lists a wide range of cryptoassets including BTC, ETH, XRP, LTC, and EOS, as well as a wide range of traditional assets like stock indices such as S&P500 and FTSE100, commodities such as gold and oil, and forex pairs such as USD/EUR and AUD/CAD.
Coupled with this has been PrimeXBT’s continual push to integrate new assets into its platform and over the course of the last few years has increased number of listed assets by more than 50%
One of the most attractive reasons that traders have traded at PrimeXBT is the ability to use it as an efficient and seamless bridge between cryptocurrency space and the traditional asset market.
Industry-Leading Margin Trading and high Leverage
At its core, PrimeXBT is a margin-trading-centric platform that recognized the demand for advanced margin trading for features within the cryptocurrency market and built its services around that.
Traders at PrimeXBT enjoy industry-leading leverage of up to 100X on a range of cryptocurrencies and up to 500X on a range of traditional assets, with this being significantly higher than in any other major platform in the market today.
At a point in time when almost no other major cryptocurrency trading platforms provided margin trading, PrimeXBT was the first platform to build it into its systems in any kind of significant way, and as such has built a large and loyal following throughout the market.
Secure Trading for Users
PrimeXBT has also always focused on providing a secure environment for traders, with the platform having a better security track record than a majority of others in the industry.
PrimeXBT incorporates a wide range of bank-grade security features into its services such as mandatory Bitcoin address whitelisting and cold storage of digital assets with multisignature technology.
This has ensured that PrimeXBT has never been hacked and has not been breached by hackers, with the funds of its users remaining safe throughout this time of operation.
In Summary
PrimeXBT provides a unique trading environment for its users, with a wide range of different features and unique and powerful ways to generate profit in the cryptocurrency market.
The innovation that has been built into PrimeXBT has been one of its major draw cards and it’s unique selling point for the past 2 or 3 years.
To learn more about PrimeXBT and the tools and features available on the platform, check out this link.
submitted by benebit to CryptocurrencyICO [link] [comments]

Giving Audiobook Gifts from my large library! Pick one and I'll send it to your Audible Library :D

Hi everyone, I have a bunch of awesome audio-books and I learned that Audible lets you gift 1 book to every Audible account. I haven't done this before so everyone will be able to get a book!

Below is my list of books, I have the Sherlock collection which is over 60 hours, The Silent Patient, Bird Box, some great Sci-fi books and much much more!
Send me a message to bradkingbooks at g.mail with the book you'd like and the e.mail associated with your Audible Account that you'd like it sent to and I'll send it over asap!

I'm sure I'll get a lot of requests so I'll have to batch process these, don't panic if I don't get the book to you right away, I will :)

List of Audiobooks

The Things We Cannot Say
Kelly Rimmer

The Dark Bones
Loreth Anne White

A Killer's Mind: Zoe Bentley Mystery
Mike Omer

Paddle Your Own Canoe: One Man's Fundamentals for Delicious Living
Nick Offerman

Dad Is Fat
Jim Gaffigan

Sentiment Inc.: The Retro Sci-Fi Series, Book 2
Poul Anderson

Shadows of Tomorrow
Jessica Meats

Thinking Big: Think Differently, Grow Rich, Develop Better Personal Relationships, Move Up the Corporate Ladder, Sleep Better and Fight Mediocrity: Everything You Need to Become a Stable, Succesful Human: Superior Ultralearning Topics, Book One
Paxton Arbital

What to Expect When You’re Expecting
Heidi Murkoff

So, You Want to Talk About Government Contracting?: Everything You Need to Know in Order to Become a Government Contracting Master - 3 Guides in 1!
Brad W. King

Then She Was Gone: A Novel
Lisa Jewell

The Silent Patient
Alex Michaelides

Bird Box: A Novel
Josh Malerman

The Silver Horn Echoes: A Song of Roland
Michael Eging,
Steve Arnold

The Burnout Generation
Anne Helen Petersen

One Good Deed
David Baldacci

DragonMan: The 13th Sign: DragonMan Series, Book 8
Ted Lazaris


Visions: Knights of Salucia, Book 1
C.D. Espeseth

The Black Hussars
Mitchell Lüthi

Swing Trading: How to Become a Swing Trader. Complete Guide to Learning Strategies, Techniques, Tools & What You Need to Know About: Options, Stocks, Forex & Cryptocurrency
Ted Brown

Starblind: Starblind, Book 1
D. T. Dyllin

Akillia's Reign: Puatera Online Series, Book 4
Dawn Chapman

Confessions of a Shanty Irishman
Michael Corrigan

True Crime Stories Boxset: 48 Terrifying True Crime Murder Cases: List of Twelve Collection, Book 1
Ryan Becker

The Sisters
Dervla McTiernan

Body of Proof: An Audible Original
Darrell Brown,
Sophie Ellis

Understudies
Ravi Mangla

Academic Curveball: Braxton Campus Mysteries, Book 1
James J. Cudney

Dead on Instinct: A Dr. Jessica Coran, FBI, Medical Thriller: The Instinct Series, Book 15
Robert W. Walker

Captain
Thomas Block

To My Beloved Heart: The Last Journey of Edgar Allan Poe
James Marchiori

The Cabinet of Curiosities: A Novel
Douglas Preston,
Lincoln Child

Wally Roux, Quantum Mechanic
Nick Carr

Treasure Island: An Audible Original Drama
Robert Louis Stevenson,
Marty Ross - adaptation

Reliquary: Pendergast, Book 2
Douglas Preston,
Lincoln Child

Relic
Douglas Preston,
Lincoln Child

The Life We Bury
Allen Eskens

We Are Legion (We Are Bob): Bobiverse, Book 1
Dennis E. Taylor

The Wife Between Us
Greer Hendricks,
Sarah Pekkanen

The Deep, Deep Snow
Brian Freeman

The Evil of Father: Father Earth, Book 2
Brad W. King

Backlash: The Scot Harvath Series, Book 19
Brad Thor

Leviathan Wakes
James S. A. Corey

Ender's Game Alive: The Full Cast Audioplay
Orson Scott Card

Chainworld
Matt Langley,
Paul Ebbs

The Dead Drink First
Dale Maharidge

Alien III: An Audible Original Drama
William Gibson

The Silver City: A Prequel of the Father Earth Series
Brad W. King

The Echo Killing: A Mystery
Christi Daugherty

Sherlock Holmes
Arthur Conan Doyle,
Stephen Fry - introductions

Evil Has a Name: The Untold of the Golden State Killer Investigation
Paul Holes,
Jim Clemente,
Peter McDonnell

Infernal Devices: Mortal Engines, Book 3
Philip Reeve

A Darkling Plain: Mortal Engines, Book 4
Philip Reeve

The Expectant Father: The Ultimate Guide for Dads-to-Be
Armin A. Brott,
Jennifer Ash

Yeah Baby!: The Modern Mama's Guide to Mastering Pregnancy, Having a Healthy Baby, and Bouncing Back Better Than Ever
Jillian Michaels

Situation Momedy
Jenna Von Oy

Whoa, Baby! What Just Happened?
Kelly Rowland

Predator's Gold: Mortal Engines, Book 2
Philip Reeve

Where the Crawdads Sing
Delia Owens

Sharp Objects: A Novel
Gillian Flynn

Congo
Michael Crichton

Something in the Water: A Novel
Catherine Steadman

Mortal Engines: Mortal Engines, Book 1
Philip Reeve

The Last Mrs. Parrish: A Novel
Liv Constantine

Sometimes I Lie
Alice Feeney

Silent Child: Audible's Thriller of 2017
Sarah A. Denzil

Paradox Bound: A Novel
Peter Clines

Armada
Armada: A Novel

Ernest Cline
Ready Player One

Other Actions
The Alice Network


The Alice Network: A Novel
Kate Quinn

Killman Creek
Rachel Caine

The Woman in the Window: A Novel
A. J. Finn

Murder on Black Swan Lane
Andrea Penrose

Before We Were Yours: A Novel
Lisa Wingate

The Good Samaritan
John Marrs
Children of Time
Adrian Tchaikovsky

The Midnight Line: A Jack Reacher Novel
Lee Child

Bitter Moon: The Huntress/FBI Thrillers, Book 4
Alexandra Sokoloff

Cold Moon: The Huntress/FBI Thrillers, Book 3
Alexandra Sokoloff

Blood Moon
Alexandra Sokoloff

Huntress Moon
Alexandra Sokoloff

The Good Daughter: A Novel
Karin Slaughter

Stillhouse Lake
Rachel Caine

Little Girl Lost: Detective Robyn Carter Crime Thriller Series, Book 1
Carol Wyer

The Likeness
Tana French

In the Woods: A Novel
Tana French

Never Go Back: A Jack Reacher Novel
Lee Child

My Sister's Grave: Tracy Crosswhite, Book 1
Robert Dugoni

Persuader
Lee Child

Sycamore Row
John Grisham

The Trapped Girl: Tracy Crosswhite, Book 4
Robert Dugoni

Midnight
Dean Koontz

Plum Island
Nelson DeMille

Fear Nothing
Dean Koontz

A Perfect Spy: A Novel
John le Carré

It's Superman!
Tom De Haven

The Chemist
Stephenie Meyer

Invisible Man: A Novel
Ralph Ellison

Airborn
Kenneth Oppel
submitted by bradkingbooks to audible [link] [comments]

[FREE] 1 Audio-book Gift from my large library!

I have a bunch of awesome audio-books and I learned that Audible lets you gift 1 book to every Audible account so anyone can pick any book any number of times, so choose your favorite. I haven't done this before so everyone will be able to get a book!
Below is my list of books, I have the Sherlock collection which is over 60 hours, The Silent Patient, Bird Box, some great Sci-fi books and much much more! Send me a message with the book you'd like and the emal associated with your Audible Account that you'd like it sent to.
I'm sure I'll get a lot of requests so I'll have to batch process these, don't panic if I don't get the book to you right away, I will :)

List of Audiobooks

The Things We Cannot Say
Kelly Rimmer

The Dark Bones
Loreth Anne White

A Killer's Mind: Zoe Bentley Mystery
Mike Omer

Paddle Your Own Canoe: One Man's Fundamentals for Delicious Living
Nick Offerman

Dad Is Fat
Jim Gaffigan

Sentiment Inc.: The Retro Sci-Fi Series, Book 2
Poul Anderson

Shadows of Tomorrow
Jessica Meats

Thinking Big: Think Differently, Grow Rich, Develop Better Personal Relationships, Move Up the Corporate Ladder, Sleep Better and Fight Mediocrity: Everything You Need to Become a Stable, Succesful Human: Superior Ultralearning Topics, Book One
Paxton Arbital

What to Expect When You’re Expecting
Heidi Murkoff

So, You Want to Talk About Government Contracting?: Everything You Need to Know in Order to Become a Government Contracting Master - 3 Guides in 1!
Brad W. King

Then She Was Gone: A Novel
Lisa Jewell

The Silent Patient
Alex Michaelides

Bird Box: A Novel
Josh Malerman

The Silver Horn Echoes: A Song of Roland
Michael Eging,
Steve Arnold

The Burnout Generation
Anne Helen Petersen

One Good Deed
David Baldacci

DragonMan: The 13th Sign: DragonMan Series, Book 8
Ted Lazaris


Visions: Knights of Salucia, Book 1
C.D. Espeseth

The Black Hussars
Mitchell Lüthi

Swing Trading: How to Become a Swing Trader. Complete Guide to Learning Strategies, Techniques, Tools & What You Need to Know About: Options, Stocks, Forex & Cryptocurrency
Ted Brown

Starblind: Starblind, Book 1
D. T. Dyllin

Akillia's Reign: Puatera Online Series, Book 4
Dawn Chapman

Confessions of a Shanty Irishman
Michael Corrigan

True Crime Stories Boxset: 48 Terrifying True Crime Murder Cases: List of Twelve Collection, Book 1
Ryan Becker

The Sisters
Dervla McTiernan

Body of Proof: An Audible Original
Darrell Brown,
Sophie Ellis

Understudies
Ravi Mangla

Academic Curveball: Braxton Campus Mysteries, Book 1
James J. Cudney

Dead on Instinct: A Dr. Jessica Coran, FBI, Medical Thriller: The Instinct Series, Book 15
Robert W. Walker

Captain
Thomas Block

To My Beloved Heart: The Last Journey of Edgar Allan Poe
James Marchiori

The Cabinet of Curiosities: A Novel
Douglas Preston,
Lincoln Child

Wally Roux, Quantum Mechanic
Nick Carr

Treasure Island: An Audible Original Drama
Robert Louis Stevenson,
Marty Ross - adaptation

Reliquary: Pendergast, Book 2
Douglas Preston,
Lincoln Child

Relic
Douglas Preston,
Lincoln Child

The Life We Bury
Allen Eskens

We Are Legion (We Are Bob): Bobiverse, Book 1
Dennis E. Taylor

The Wife Between Us
Greer Hendricks,
Sarah Pekkanen

The Deep, Deep Snow
Brian Freeman

The Evil of Father: Father Earth, Book 2
Brad W. King

Backlash: The Scot Harvath Series, Book 19
Brad Thor

Leviathan Wakes
James S. A. Corey

Ender's Game Alive: The Full Cast Audioplay
Orson Scott Card

Chainworld
Matt Langley,
Paul Ebbs

The Dead Drink First
Dale Maharidge

Alien III: An Audible Original Drama
William Gibson

The Silver City: A Prequel of the Father Earth Series
Brad W. King

The Echo Killing: A Mystery
Christi Daugherty

Sherlock Holmes
Arthur Conan Doyle,
Stephen Fry - introductions

Evil Has a Name: The Untold of the Golden State Killer Investigation
Paul Holes,
Jim Clemente,
Peter McDonnell

Infernal Devices: Mortal Engines, Book 3
Philip Reeve

A Darkling Plain: Mortal Engines, Book 4
Philip Reeve

The Expectant Father: The Ultimate Guide for Dads-to-Be
Armin A. Brott,
Jennifer Ash

Yeah Baby!: The Modern Mama's Guide to Mastering Pregnancy, Having a Healthy Baby, and Bouncing Back Better Than Ever
Jillian Michaels

Situation Momedy
Jenna Von Oy

Whoa, Baby! What Just Happened?
Kelly Rowland

Predator's Gold: Mortal Engines, Book 2
Philip Reeve

Where the Crawdads Sing
Delia Owens

Sharp Objects: A Novel
Gillian Flynn

Congo
Michael Crichton

Something in the Water: A Novel
Catherine Steadman

Mortal Engines: Mortal Engines, Book 1
Philip Reeve

The Last Mrs. Parrish: A Novel
Liv Constantine

Sometimes I Lie
Alice Feeney

Silent Child: Audible's Thriller of 2017
Sarah A. Denzil

Paradox Bound: A Novel
Peter Clines

Armada
Armada: A Novel

Ernest Cline
Ready Player One

Other Actions
The Alice Network


The Alice Network: A Novel
Kate Quinn

Killman Creek
Rachel Caine

The Woman in the Window: A Novel
A. J. Finn

Murder on Black Swan Lane
Andrea Penrose

Before We Were Yours: A Novel
Lisa Wingate

The Good Samaritan
John Marrs
Children of Time
Adrian Tchaikovsky

The Midnight Line: A Jack Reacher Novel
Lee Child

Bitter Moon: The Huntress/FBI Thrillers, Book 4
Alexandra Sokoloff

Cold Moon: The Huntress/FBI Thrillers, Book 3
Alexandra Sokoloff

Blood Moon
Alexandra Sokoloff

Huntress Moon
Alexandra Sokoloff

The Good Daughter: A Novel
Karin Slaughter

Stillhouse Lake
Rachel Caine

Little Girl Lost: Detective Robyn Carter Crime Thriller Series, Book 1
Carol Wyer

The Likeness
Tana French

In the Woods: A Novel
Tana French

Never Go Back: A Jack Reacher Novel
Lee Child

My Sister's Grave: Tracy Crosswhite, Book 1
Robert Dugoni

Persuader
Lee Child

Sycamore Row
John Grisham

The Trapped Girl: Tracy Crosswhite, Book 4
Robert Dugoni

Midnight
Dean Koontz

Plum Island
Nelson DeMille

Fear Nothing
Dean Koontz

A Perfect Spy: A Novel
John le Carré

It's Superman!
Tom De Haven

The Chemist
Stephenie Meyer

Invisible Man: A Novel
Ralph Ellison

Airborn
Kenneth Oppel
submitted by bradkingbooks to FREE [link] [comments]

Tips From A Lifer

I’ve been reading these posts on an off for quite some time now and it saddened me to see someone had recently posted their “I quit the game” statement. We all walk through fire to stand in the green valley...and the journey has to be made on foot. And alone. And it’s tough.
In response, I wanted to add a list of pointers for people starting out in this insane game and to address what I’ve learned from over a decade of trading Forex. It’s long-ish but it’s based on reality and not a bunch of meaningless retail junk systems and “insider knowledge” by nitwits on YouTube or some 19-year old “whiz kid” who apparently makes ten billion dollars a week with a mystical set-up that’ll only cost you $1,999 to buy!
I became a profitable trader by keeping everything simple. I lost thousands when I started out, but I look back now and realise how easily I could’ve avoided those losses.
Keep Everything Simple.
For the sake of disclosure, I worked for Morgan Stanley for over a decade in fixed income but learned almost everything I know from the forex guys whom I got to know as good friends. They make markets but there’s still a lot to learn from them as a small fry trader. I got into all this as a hobby after annoying the traders with questions, and all these years later it still pays me. There are still occasional nightmare accidents but they’re far rarer to the point where they don’t affect my ROI.
Possibly the most clear statement I could make about Forex trading in the large institutional setting is actually a pretty profound one: Forex traders are not what you think they are: every single forex trader I ever worked with (and who lasted the test of time) had the exact same set of personality traits: 1. NOT ONE of them was a gung-ho high-five loudmouth, 2. Every single one of them analysed their mistakes to the point of obsession, 3. They were bookish and not jocks, 4. They had the humility to admit that many early errors were the result of piss-poor planning. The loudmouths last a year and are gone.
Guys who last 5, 10, 20 years in a major finance house on the trading floor are nothing like the absurd 1980s Hollywood images you see on your tv; they’re the perfect opposite of that stereotype. The absolute best I ever met was a studious Irish-Catholic guy from Boston who was conscientious, helpful, calm, and utterly committed to one thing: learning from every single error of judgement. To quote him: “Losing teaches you far more than winning”.
Enough of that. These points are deliberately broad. Here goes:
  1. Know The Pairs. It amazes me to see countless small account traders speak as though “systems” work across all pairs. They don’t. Trading GBP/CHF is an entirely different beast to trading CHF/JPY. If you don’t know the innate properties of the CHF market or the JPY or the interplay between the AUD and NZD etc then leave them alone until you do. —There’s no rush— Don’t trade pairs until you are clear on what drives ‘commodity currencies’, or what goes on behind currencies which are easily manipulated, or currencies which simply tend to range for months on end instead of having clear trends. Every pair has its own benefits and drawbacks. Google “Tips on trading the JPY” etc etc etc and get to know the personality of these currencies. They’re just products like any other....Would you buy a Honda without knowing a single thing about the brand or its engine or its durability? So why trade a currency you know nothing about?
  2. Indicators are only telling you what you should be able to see in front of you: PRICE AND MARKET STRUCTURE. Take everything off your charts and simply ask one question: What do I see happening right here and right now? What time frame do I see it on? If you can’t spot a simple consolidation, an uptrend, or a downtrend on a quick high-versus-low time frame scan then no indicator on the planet will help you.
  3. Do you know why momentum indicators work on clear trends but are often a complete disaster on ranges? If not, why not? Do you know why such indicators are losing you tons of trades on low TFs? Do you actually understand the simple mathematics of any indicator? If the answer to these questions is “no” then why are you using these things and piling on indicator after indicator after indicator until you have some psychedelic disco on your screen that looks like an intergalactic dogfight in Star Wars? Keep it simple. Know thy indicator.
  4. Risk:Reward Addiction. The greatest profit killer. So you set up your stops and limits at 1:1.5 or whatever and say “That’s me done” only to come back and see that your limit was missed by a soul-crushing 5 pips before reversing trend to cost you $100, $200, $1000. So you say “Ah but the system is fine”. Guys...this isn’t poker; it doesn’t have to be a zero sum game. Get over your 1:1.5 addiction —The Market Does Not Owe You 50 Pips— Which leads to the next point which, frankly, is what has allowed me to make money consistently for my entire trading life...
  5. YOU WILL NEVER GO BROKE TAKING A PROFIT. So you want to take that 50-pip profit in two hours because some analyst says it’ll happen or because your trend lines say it has to happen. You set your 1:1.5 order. “I’ll check where I’m at in an hour” you say. An hour later you see you’re up 18 pips and you feel you’re owed more by now. “If I close this trade now I could be missing out on a stack”. So what?! Here’s an example: I trade in sterling. I was watching GBP climb against it’s post-GDP flop report and once I was up £157 I thought “This is going to start bouncing off resistance all morning and I don’t need the hassle of riding the rollercoaster all day long”. So I closed it, took the £157, went to make breakfast. Came back shortly afterwards and looked at the chart and saw that I could’ve made about £550 if I’d trusted myself. Do I care? Absolutely not...in fact it usually makes me laugh. So I enter another trade, make another quick £40, then another £95. Almost £300 in less than 45 mins and I’m supposed to cry over the £250 I “missed out on”?
£300 in less than an hour for doing nothing more than waiting for some volatility then tapping a keyboard. It’s almost a sin to make money that easily and I don’t “deserve” any of it. Shut off the laptop. Go out for the day.
Does the following sound familiar? “Okay I’m almost at my take-profit...almost!.....almost!....okay it’s bouncing away from me but it’ll come back. Come back, damnit!! Jesus come back to my limit! Ah for F**k’s sakes!! This is complete crap; that trade was almost done! This is rigged! This is worse than poker! This is total BS!!”
So when you were 50% or 75% toward your goal and could see the trade slipping away why wasn’t $100 or $200 enough? You need more than that?...really?!
So point 6:
  1. Tomorrow Is Another Day. Lordy Lordy, you only made $186 all day. What a disaster! Did you lose anything? Nope. Will the market be open again tomorrow? Yep. Does London open in just four hours? Yep. Is the NOK/SGD/EUR whatever still looking shitty? Yep. So let it go- there are endless THOUSANDS of trades you can make in your lifetime and you need to let a small gain be seen for what it is: ANOTHER BEAUTIFUL PROFIT.
Four or five solid but small profits in a day = One Large Profit. I don’t care how I make it, I don’t care if it’s ten lots of £20, I don’t care if I make the lot in a single trade in 30 seconds either. And once I have a nice sum I switch the computer off and leave it the Fk alone. I don’t care if Brexit is due to detonate the pound or if some Fed guy is going to crap all over the USD in his speech; I’ve made my money and I’m out for the day. There will be other speeches, other detonations.
I could get into the entire process by which I trade but it’s aggravatingly basic trend-following mostly based on fundamentals. Losing in this business really does boil down to the same appalling combination of traits that kill most traders: Greed, Impatience, Addiction. Do I trade every day? Absolutely not; if there’s nothing with higher probability trades then I just leave it alone. When I hit my target I’m out for the day- the market doesn’t give a crap about me and I don’t give a crap about the market, if you see my meaning.
I played poker semi-professionally for two years and it’s absolutely soul-destroying to be “cold decked” for a whole week. But every player has to experience it in order to lose the arrogance and the bravado; losing is fine as long as you learn from it. One day you’ll be in a position to fold pocket Kings because you’ll know you’re dead in the water. The currency markets are exactly the same in that one regard: if you learn from the past you’ll know when it’s time to get out of that stupid trade or that stupid “system” that sounded so great when you had a demo account.
Bank a profit. Keep your charts simple. Know the pairs. Be patient. Touch nothing till you understand it inside out.
And if you’re not enjoying the game....STOP PLAYING.
[if people find this helpful I might post a thread on the best books I’ve studied from and why most forex books are utterly repetitious bullshit].
Peace.
submitted by Dave-1066 to Forex [link] [comments]

Giving Audiobook Gifts from my large library! Pick one and I'll send it to your Audible Library :D

Hi everyone, I have a bunch of awesome audio-books and I learned that Audible lets you gift 1 book to every Audible account. I haven't done this before so everyone will be able to get a book!

Below is my list of books, I have the Sherlock collection which is over 60 hours, The Silent Patient, Bird Box, some great Sci-fi books and much much more! Send me a message to bradkingbooks at g.mail with the book you'd like and the e.mail associated with your Audible Account that you'd like it sent to.

I'm sure I'll get a lot of requests so I'll have to batch process these, don't panic if I don't get the book to you right away, I will :)

List of Audiobooks

The Things We Cannot Say
Kelly Rimmer

The Dark Bones
Loreth Anne White

A Killer's Mind: Zoe Bentley Mystery
Mike Omer

Paddle Your Own Canoe: One Man's Fundamentals for Delicious Living
Nick Offerman

Dad Is Fat
Jim Gaffigan

Sentiment Inc.: The Retro Sci-Fi Series, Book 2
Poul Anderson

Shadows of Tomorrow
Jessica Meats

Thinking Big: Think Differently, Grow Rich, Develop Better Personal Relationships, Move Up the Corporate Ladder, Sleep Better and Fight Mediocrity: Everything You Need to Become a Stable, Succesful Human: Superior Ultralearning Topics, Book One
Paxton Arbital

What to Expect When You’re Expecting
Heidi Murkoff

So, You Want to Talk About Government Contracting?: Everything You Need to Know in Order to Become a Government Contracting Master - 3 Guides in 1!
Brad W. King

Then She Was Gone: A Novel
Lisa Jewell

The Silent Patient
Alex Michaelides

Bird Box: A Novel
Josh Malerman

The Silver Horn Echoes: A Song of Roland
Michael Eging,
Steve Arnold

The Burnout Generation
Anne Helen Petersen

One Good Deed
David Baldacci

DragonMan: The 13th Sign: DragonMan Series, Book 8
Ted Lazaris


Visions: Knights of Salucia, Book 1
C.D. Espeseth

The Black Hussars
Mitchell Lüthi

Swing Trading: How to Become a Swing Trader. Complete Guide to Learning Strategies, Techniques, Tools & What You Need to Know About: Options, Stocks, Forex & Cryptocurrency
Ted Brown

Starblind: Starblind, Book 1
D. T. Dyllin

Akillia's Reign: Puatera Online Series, Book 4
Dawn Chapman

Confessions of a Shanty Irishman
Michael Corrigan

True Crime Stories Boxset: 48 Terrifying True Crime Murder Cases: List of Twelve Collection, Book 1
Ryan Becker

The Sisters
Dervla McTiernan

Body of Proof: An Audible Original
Darrell Brown,
Sophie Ellis

Understudies
Ravi Mangla

Academic Curveball: Braxton Campus Mysteries, Book 1
James J. Cudney

Dead on Instinct: A Dr. Jessica Coran, FBI, Medical Thriller: The Instinct Series, Book 15
Robert W. Walker

Captain
Thomas Block

To My Beloved Heart: The Last Journey of Edgar Allan Poe
James Marchiori

The Cabinet of Curiosities: A Novel
Douglas Preston,
Lincoln Child

Wally Roux, Quantum Mechanic
Nick Carr

Treasure Island: An Audible Original Drama
Robert Louis Stevenson,
Marty Ross - adaptation

Reliquary: Pendergast, Book 2
Douglas Preston,
Lincoln Child

Relic
Douglas Preston,
Lincoln Child

The Life We Bury
Allen Eskens

We Are Legion (We Are Bob): Bobiverse, Book 1
Dennis E. Taylor

The Wife Between Us
Greer Hendricks,
Sarah Pekkanen

The Deep, Deep Snow
Brian Freeman

The Evil of Father: Father Earth, Book 2
Brad W. King

Backlash: The Scot Harvath Series, Book 19
Brad Thor

Leviathan Wakes
James S. A. Corey

Ender's Game Alive: The Full Cast Audioplay
Orson Scott Card

Chainworld
Matt Langley,
Paul Ebbs

The Dead Drink First
Dale Maharidge

Alien III: An Audible Original Drama
William Gibson

The Silver City: A Prequel of the Father Earth Series
Brad W. King

The Echo Killing: A Mystery
Christi Daugherty

Sherlock Holmes
Arthur Conan Doyle,
Stephen Fry - introductions

Evil Has a Name: The Untold of the Golden State Killer Investigation
Paul Holes,
Jim Clemente,
Peter McDonnell

Infernal Devices: Mortal Engines, Book 3
Philip Reeve

A Darkling Plain: Mortal Engines, Book 4
Philip Reeve

The Expectant Father: The Ultimate Guide for Dads-to-Be
Armin A. Brott,
Jennifer Ash

Yeah Baby!: The Modern Mama's Guide to Mastering Pregnancy, Having a Healthy Baby, and Bouncing Back Better Than Ever
Jillian Michaels

Situation Momedy
Jenna Von Oy

Whoa, Baby! What Just Happened?
Kelly Rowland

Predator's Gold: Mortal Engines, Book 2
Philip Reeve

Where the Crawdads Sing
Delia Owens

Sharp Objects: A Novel
Gillian Flynn

Congo
Michael Crichton

Something in the Water: A Novel
Catherine Steadman

Mortal Engines: Mortal Engines, Book 1
Philip Reeve

The Last Mrs. Parrish: A Novel
Liv Constantine

Sometimes I Lie
Alice Feeney

Silent Child: Audible's Thriller of 2017
Sarah A. Denzil

Paradox Bound: A Novel
Peter Clines

Armada
Armada: A Novel

Ernest Cline
Ready Player One

Other Actions
The Alice Network


The Alice Network: A Novel
Kate Quinn

Killman Creek
Rachel Caine

The Woman in the Window: A Novel
A. J. Finn

Murder on Black Swan Lane
Andrea Penrose

Before We Were Yours: A Novel
Lisa Wingate

The Good Samaritan
John Marrs
Children of Time
Adrian Tchaikovsky

The Midnight Line: A Jack Reacher Novel
Lee Child

Bitter Moon: The Huntress/FBI Thrillers, Book 4
Alexandra Sokoloff

Cold Moon: The Huntress/FBI Thrillers, Book 3
Alexandra Sokoloff

Blood Moon
Alexandra Sokoloff

Huntress Moon
Alexandra Sokoloff

The Good Daughter: A Novel
Karin Slaughter

Stillhouse Lake
Rachel Caine

Little Girl Lost: Detective Robyn Carter Crime Thriller Series, Book 1
Carol Wyer

The Likeness
Tana French

In the Woods: A Novel
Tana French

Never Go Back: A Jack Reacher Novel
Lee Child

My Sister's Grave: Tracy Crosswhite, Book 1
Robert Dugoni

Persuader
Lee Child

Sycamore Row
John Grisham

The Trapped Girl: Tracy Crosswhite, Book 4
Robert Dugoni

Midnight
Dean Koontz

Plum Island
Nelson DeMille

Fear Nothing
Dean Koontz

A Perfect Spy: A Novel
John le Carré

It's Superman!
Tom De Haven

The Chemist
Stephenie Meyer

Invisible Man: A Novel
Ralph Ellison

Airborn
Kenneth Oppel
submitted by bradkingbooks to audiobooks [link] [comments]

22 year old friendship ruined, need your thoughts....

I'd love some perspective on a recent story that's bothering me. Any and all perspectives welcomed.
In August last year an old friend (we're 38 now and 16 when we met) had been doing a guidance ritual with his mum who is trained to be a shaman… she gave him LSD as part of the ritual- and I haven't tried it so I don't know what it's like.
Anyway, for some reason I contacted him out of the blue the next day when he was still feeling some of the effects. He told me that he loved me, probably always had and it had been a long time coming. I was really surprised, but it was lovely. On some level I'd always felt like that about him (I denied it a lot over the years) but really didn't think that he would ever say or feel something like that.
In that convo he said I'd make a great girlfriend and he'd be lucky to have me, I was really smart and lovely but intense and opinionated. Also, that ironically he thought he'd missed his one chance at happiness with me (you can understand the ironically part when you know the backstory). He said I was beautiful and he was stupid for not being completely in love with me. He said he was sure we'd known each other in past lives. I was very touched by all of this because I adore him but I took it with a pinch of salt, and tried to find out if it was just a fleeting feeling.
But he also said that his life is on a dark path, and that in this lifetime he is only meant to suffer, maybe he'll be dead by 50 and we should see each other in the next life. He said he has huge issues (lots of drink and drugs of many types), is also very intense, and I'd never be able to handle the up and down of his lifestyle.
I got the feeling that he was having those thoughts about loving me for the first time right then, so I asked him if he’d felt like that before, or just that night. And he said he’d thought it the last time we spoke when I’d interviewed him for a book a couple of years previously. But I didn’t get the impression he’d really felt like that when we were younger.
I checked a month or 2 later if he remembered what he said because I thought maybe he had just been high. He said he thought he remembered everything he had said, and said I wasn't very nice for not believing him, so I was really happy and decided to go and see him.
Fast forward a couple months to after Christmas - I hadn't been to see him yet- but we’d been messaging and sending photos. For Christmas, his mum had bought him a tarot card reading with a chocolate ritual with a shaman or a psychic lady, and he was sharing with me that he'd done it and that it said his head was really messed up. He seemed quite upset.
So me being 5% moron, my nervousness and excitedness had returned (I was always very, very nervous around him when we were young) and I made a joke he really didn't appreciate, offering to shoot him in the head if he wanted (I was trying to lighten the mood, and also we seemed to be getting a bit more gentle, intimate and less jokey in the way that we were talking to each other, which freaks me out. He's much sweeter than he used to be, and it kind of makes me freeze up a bit).
Well! Bang. It was like I stabbed him in the chest or something. It seemed to instantly remind him of all the things that annoy him about me, and after 5 months being really sweet he went cold on me. Really, really cold. From there I got very confused and kept making worse mistakes because I got nervous, and kept trying to fix it. I sent him some long, weird email which I’m sure made things worse. I also posted something on Facebook which made it look like I was chatting to other guys. All very silly. It's ridiculous. I'm an adult and am pretty confident these days. But suddenly I was really nervous again feeling like a kid and like there’s something terribly wrong with me.
I arranged to go and see him for a few days in Tenerife, and before I went it was pretty tense between us and I couldn't tell if he wanted me to go or not- I did everything I could to try and find out if he actually wanted me to go or not- but he was his usual tight-lipped self. When I got there, he was very hospitable, apologized for being off-radar and showed me round, we went out to bars and the beach...
We spent four days (before he had to go home to England) as a quasi-couple, and it was a very surreal experience. It was bizarrely intimate, sweet but tense, with someone I know very well... naked. For the first time I realised how peace-loving and gentle he is- which I never saw before. He can't stand a lot of the more boisterous things I do, which is fair, but ironically they're things I tended to do from nerves and trying to get his attention. I kind of got it after that- why he finds me so aversive sometimes, it's like we're stuck in a negative feedback loop, and he thinks I’m too harsh for his delicate constitution. Which, he might just be right about.
In between the fun, laughing, joking, drinking, sex and bonding- of which there was lots and it was really nice - he was filled with sadness and depression, grumpiness, and a funny attitude from him that seemed to shout: "yuck, it's you, you're more like a sisteannoying irritation than a woman to me." He said that it was because his life was falling apart- and he was obviously very very depressed but trying to show me a good time and doing a good job of it too, I might add. But so many things pointed to the fact that he mainly just felt annoyed by me, found me totally unsuitable, and kind of pitied me, rather than feeling any love for me, and that he finds me generally very annoying. Wall up, blinds closed, aint comin' in.
He also kept telling me about his lifestyle of drink and drugs and how everyone he knows is a junky or a crazy person. It felt like he was trying very hard to make me see reality and put me off him, or save me from him, or warn me, or see how I would react and if I would run. Or save himself from what he sees as inevitable hostility and rejection (as well as from me and how annoying I am). "Be careful what you wish for" and "curiosity killed the cat" seemed to be his repetitive catchphrases when I showed an interest in him. Apparently, his ex thinks he's a bastard, he would tell me.
I think, ideally, if he could change me (he used to talk a lot about me doing DHT to rebalance myself) he would want to be in a relationship, because we enjoy each other’s company. But it could only work if he was tougher and I was less harsh. I think he sees these things quite clearly as they are – that he’s got a delicate constitution, and I’m far too frustrated by him to be delicate enough for things to work out. I’d soon get pissed off and ditch the situation, rather than sweep things under the rug and carry on from day to day in a carefree world of consumption- I just couldn’t do that. I’m a strategic future-planner.
At one point we played some intimacy/trust game with lots of questions, and he loosened up a little... but the way he would answer questions like "Name 3 things you like about your partner" was like "well you ARE very caring" in the same way that someone might say "Well, Hitler WAS very spiritual." It's funny because in relationships I'm very soft in general, in recent years, but I do still get very harsh and frustrated when problems don’t seem solvable. But with him I just can't seem to relax and trust him enough to be soft with him at all, and he didn't give me a chance anyway. We just don’t trust each other- we’re not safe for each other.
After I went home he checked in with me a couple times, which I liked. He tried to share some things with me that interest him, about quite spiritual or unusual subjects (trees being interconnected, aliens having been involved in human development, DHT, the memory of water… stuff that as someone who studied physics I don’t normally hear about, but I’m pretty open to hearing about them)- he's very soft and very chilled- doesn’t like stress at all. But every time I tried to dig a bit deeper and engage with him to see what it was about them that interested him - he completely ignored me. Didn’t try, nothing. Me trying to talk with him about the things he shared seemed to send the walls up and just bug him. Really really frustrating. It's like I couldn't do anything right. Particularly frustrating when he said he was trying to open up my mind- but then wouldn't connect or follow through.
So, for a couple months, for the first time in 20 years I seemed to be chasing him. It's like he promised me something, judged me for being nervous and "annoying" and not perfect, and then instead of being understanding, he ran. Yikes.
Eventually I got so confused I sent him screenshots of the conversation where he'd said he loved me and he didn't even remember it! He was shocked, blamed it on the drugs and mental illness saying that he was "not a well person." He said he was beginning to get the feeling that he'd "annoyed me" now, and that he sees me as a friend, and he didn't mean to piss me off. Then he changed the subject. He finished up that conversation by saying "we're on different paths and in different places", and he needs to sort himself out and that's that.
The backstory goes like this… The first year we knew eachother he nicknamed me “TT” which meant “no tits and no teeth” (I had big gaps before I had braces). He used to do things like hit me on the butt with a stick and then I’d punch him and go nuts. He really took the piss out of me with his friends and girlfriends because I had a huge crush on him (he thought it was hilarious that I felt like I’d been struck by lightning when I first saw him). They used to put me on speakerphone and laugh. He was the only guy I ever asked out – which I did on his answer machine!! Ugh. So, yeah, really humiliated me actually and I’ve never asked anyone out since (thank goodness I’m a woman, haha).
After that I had braces and turned into a social person who had lots of parties and friends. He started being really nice to me. But I didn’t forgive him very easily, and we had a big bust up and weren't friends for a year or so. I did a pizza leaflet with his phone number on it. And I banned him from my 18th birthday party to which all our friends were going, and he was pretty upset. I felt bad once when I saw him outside one of my parties on the curb holding his head in his hands saying “why does she hate me so much?” Well, deep down I loved the guy, but he’d humiliated me, so I guess there was a thin line between love and hate. I don’t know if that would have made him feel any better, but hopefully.
From some point on, we made up and we always had great chemistry after that... we did things like hanging out and smoking some weed in his car together with other people, going out in London with our mutual friends, him giving me lots of lifts home from pubs and friends houses, me driving his car drunk and pretending I was going to crash it to wind him up (that was stupid and irresponsible).
Looking back I think he kind of liked me at that point but was scared of me, didn’t know how to make a move as I had moved on and had given him such a hard time, but at the time I really didn't have a clue whether he liked me or not, I was always just very, very feisty and energetic around him (after all the humiliation I guess) so I could never be calm.
Then we went to the same uni town, texted constantly for a year, and even then he said he thought we’d known each other in past lives. To my friends I gave him the nickname "my future husband", he asked me out in the cutest way by saying that if I had the guts and the inclination to go out with him, then we should go for a drink. I was soooo excited..
Well, we almost went out and then he dropped out of uni because of an argument with a lecturer or something. I honestly believe everyone has to follow their own path, so for me it was just sad for him that he had so much stress, and it was disappointing about the date. Our first kiss was when he came up to the uni town again and we did a pub crawl, and he seemed to want to go and sit somewhere and be sweet but I was too nervous so we just kept doing the pubcrawl and ended up spooning on a friend’s floor (just hugging and kissing).
We almost went on a date in our home area but he cancelled without suggesting an alternative, and I got annoyed so he stopped talking to me- surprisingly easily- it’s like he has a very low threshold for any kind of angst, and isn’t able to soothe himself or the other person, so just bails. Which, considering the fact that he creates a lot of angst-provoking situations means that he kind of expects to go through life without facing any consequences for his actions. Pretty frustrating for someone like me, who expects quite a lot of openness and honesty.
We eventually hooked up once and he never called me after so after waiting for a while, I reluctantly moved on and ended up with someone else for 4 years. I have no idea how he felt about this, but a couple of small things surprised me and I wondered if he had actually felt more than I gave him credit for. I mean, that love confession blew me away, I wouldn't have thought for a moment that he had been harbouring any thoughts like that about me, I thought for him it was all a big joke and meant nothing, so maybe he did feel something other than annoyance for me when we were younger.
It's hard to tell as he's been with a lot of women, is very tight-lipped and doesn’t put himself on the line, or take any risks at all. But in those days I was always so nervous around him that any signs would have just gone completely under the radar anyway.
A few years later, after lots of traveling, he popped up working in the office down the hall from me at this random summer job I took and we started emailing lots. He seemed disappointed with how life was not as exciting as he'd expected. Then he disappeared one day- he was living with his ex at the time (very lovely girl) and I was with the same guy (the 4 year one).
A few years after that we were back hanging around in the same social circle until everyone, including him, moved abroad, and eventually, so did i. It was funny, I would always be able to talk to him if I was upset about, say, moving to uni or something. It didn't happen often but a couple of times.
Most of this he probably wouldn't even remember because I think he's been with a lot a lot of girls.
He has low self-esteem, apparently. He thinks he has bad luck with women even though women adore him (he's exceptionally easy on the eyes. He’s beautiful actually)- and according to a mutual friend of ours, when he was a teenager he always worried that no decent women would want someone like him.
Recently (in the past 15 years, which isn’t so recent, lol) we didn't really hang out much but we became more normal adults. I went down quite a dry academic path and got a BSc in physics with astrophysics and an MSc in clinical research, and ended up stuck in a corporate job I hated until I quit to become a writer, whereas he had more balls than me and did what he wanted much earlier- becoming an entrepreneur trading stock, gold, Forex, imports and exports... at times making a fortune and at other times going bust and beating himself up for it, but always finding something new to try, which I think's pretty damn cool (but try convincing him of that).
It's pretty normal for entrepreneurial people to have ups and downs in their success-levels I think, but he seems to judge himself very harshly. The last couple of years he’s been making more money than I’ve ever been able to shake a stick at! I really don’t think he should feel ashamed at all (which he seems to), I think he should feel proud that he’s so dynamic. Good for him. He’s awesome. The only thing I wish is that he had heavy enough emotional armor that he could deal with more difficult situations without bailing.
Anyway. Over the years I stopped being super into him and we had a nice, pretty normal friendship -we chatted sometimes on messenger and would always have nice chemistry when we saw each other. He's been trying to arrange a visit for about 10 years or so between the various countries we've been living in (we're both expat people and he wanted to come see me in Madrid and Amsterdam when I lived there, then he wanted me to go seem him in Tenerife for a few years) and I've avoided it, as although I wanted to see him I was scared of a casual fling with him as it’s not what I wanted, and I really don’t like that kind of thing anyway (tried it once or twice thinking I could handle it and I was being all “modern” and cool and everything – because I think I’m a bit old fashioned deep down - but I got emotionally attached and then end up hurt. So now I accept myself for who I am- someone who doesn’t really like flings or casual stuff, but someone who is into monogamy. Whoops! How very boring and unfashionable, and I don’t give a shit. Rayyyy for the love. Whoop whoop.).
A couple years ago I interviewed him for a book I wrote about ADHD entrepreneurs. His lifestyle was pretty cool making a lot of money through affiliate marketing and living near the beach in hot sunny Tenerife in an apartment with a pool. But he seemed to think that he sucked for some reason (everyone else seems to think it's pretty darn cool). He said that when he grew up he was under a lot of pressure and that it seemed to have messed up his head. He said that to do well in life you need to do what you want to do, because if you listen to other people you are only going to be messed up. When he was on LSD he said that he had thought he loved me during that interview.
This year, his life as an expat abroad basically fell apart as the affiliate marketing scheme crashed and he had to move home to live with his parents, which has brought him really, really down into depression. He said he keeps being told he is going to end up working in McDonalds, and being reminded of the fact that he’s almost 40, and this seemed to be weighing on his mind. It sounds like a lot of pressure.
But anyway, for about 5 months after the conversation when he was on LSD he opened up to me, and he was really lovely to me. It was so nice. I guess it was because I was more relaxed and the main thing I wanted was to check up on him and see that he was ok. I didn’t have an agenda to see if he would be a match for me or anything like that- I was just really worried about him. So maybe he felt safe enough to relax.
I said that I always imagined that we would end up as platonic roommates when we were 50 and I would make him sandwiches and listen to all his funny antics – which he thought was cute. Actually, I really did like that idea- because it would take away the underlying obligations that a relationship brings that we couldn’t deliver for each other. And friendship is what relationships turn into anyway.
For my part, it's really disturbed my sleep for months since I came back from visiting him.
Now after trying to message in a friendly way during the coronavirus quarantine (er, I am very very bored) and being annoyed by his total lack of supportiveness, I've recently just told him that I don't want to be friends any more. Too painful. He says I have anger issues and I think he sees himself as an innocent victim.
Actually, if I'm honest, I've been pretty angry at a lot of people for a few years, so, maybe he has a point.
I guess I'm being a bit selfish. It's not really fair expecting anything from a self-confessed depressed, unwell person. He's "in his pit of despair" as he calls it for 6 months and he has zero interest in me. I'm utterly irrelevant to him. He's snippy, rude, ignores me, and then seems to offer a little bit of an olive branch in the smallest of ways.
Excuse the really long story, would be interested in any insight people have on this situation, particularly with respect to how you think he feels and why he acts the way he does. If I feel like I understand this situation then hopefully I can stop thinking about it, because for the past 10 years I've just had the odd nice thought every now and then about him- and would like that to become the status quo again.
submitted by clarejackson10 to relationship_advice [link] [comments]

Constructively Dealing with Failure, Doubts and Anxiety.

After my recent post on "Health Over Wealth in Day Trading" a lot of people sent me messages, and a lot of people have the same sorts of questions. I've now had a chance to read all these (if I've not replied to you yet, I will) and thought I should do a post covering the recurring themes I see in questions people ask.

There are many ways to ask the same question and address the same concern. To reduce these down to one simple question what people have the most trouble with is "Will I ultimately succeed?". To reduce this down to a more honest question, "Am I good enough?". This is something that starts to nag at you after you've put in notable effort and experienced nothing but short term success followed by crushing failure.

Let's first address an important question, and not one I see people being told to ask themselves often enough.

"Should I even try?"

Many times people say things that have an underlying statement of "Maybe this is not for me". Most communities will meet this with support and encouragement, but are these always the best thing to do? Maybe it's not for you. Through all different methods and styles to succeed in trading people have to be able to balance an expectancy of winning with an acceptance of loss and also confront the fact that no matter how good they get, there is never any certainty in what the next candle will do. You have to find some kind of "zen" with all that. Initially it will jar against the default thought processes and emotions of most people. Depending on different aspects of your character re-training yourself to accept and overcome this can be easy or maybe even impossible.

It's not only "can you do this?", but also "do you even want to?" If you are able to do this but it's going to be a horrible experience for you, are you sure it's the best thing to be investing your time and energy in? The fact you've decided to take on the Forex markets shows you are more free thinking and probably more driven than a lot of people. Do not sell yourself short, you can do anything you want. Is this really going to be the most beneficial way for you to obtain what your ultimate desires are (which is probably not to be a trader, it is something you believe that will bring with it).

Some people can't do it. Some people could, but it's probably not going to be enjoyable for them. To put it into a simpler example; if you're legally blind you can not be a pilot. If you're terrified of heights you technically could be ... but do you want to be? It's okay to walk away. You can dip a toe in and decide against it. The water is cold, and it takes a while to warm up.

This leads us to the next question to be asking yourself. Some of you while reading through the above would have been finding ways to affirm to yourself that you do want to do this. It is for you. You will find your way. If you have been thinking anything along the lines of that ... why? What is your happy ending? Take some time to really think about what your pot of gold at the end of the rainbow is. Project yourself into this life in your mind. Take some time to live there in your thoughts. You want to go somewhere. There'd be no reason to doubt you'd "Make it" if you were not. Where is it? Why?

Once you've been able to clearly identify where you want to be and why you want to be there, think about the sort of person that is needed to be there? Hopefully you aim high, really high. So the sort of person it has to be is epic. Legendary. Dare I even say a hero! Get a clear idea of who that person is in your mind, and then realise you have the privilege of crafting this person into existence. This is the wonder of life. We can pick these things and we can progress towards them. Then once we have succeeded, we get to play in the world which we once fantasised over.

I am going to repeat it, because I really want those who need to understand this to get it into their heads;
Get a clear idea of who that person is in your mind, and then realise you have the privilege of crafting this person into existence. This is the wonder of life. We can pick these things and we can progress towards them. Then once we have succeeded, we get to play in the world which we once fantasised over.

Once you have done this, you have a far healthier way of looking at your objective. All you need to do is keep asking yourself what your hero (future you) would do. What would they know you do not? What might they have read? How would they think differently? What flaws do you have relative to them? You are less inclined to ask yourself questions like "can I do it?", "will it work?", "Why do I always lose". You'll be more inclined to phrase these same thoughts (which are doubts, fears and anxieties) as "What it is I need to do?", "How do I make it work?", "How do understand my losing trades"? Your mind will seek out answers to the questions you put into it with your own thoughts.

Depending on your starting place the exact same feelings, events, situations and outcomes will trigger self questioning (we all have it, as far as I know) and the way you have set out your perspective on how you view yourself relative to your end goal will determine how these questions are framed. Constructive questions have constructive answers. If you are not clear on where you want to go, and the person you will have become to get get there you will ask yourself questions from desperation. When you have done the steps laid out here, you will ask yourself questions of determination.

The line between desire and despair is hair thin. Be sure you keep on the right side of it by having a compelling ending to work towards.

Once you have adopted this approach, there is no real failure. Everything is small relative to the big pot of gold at the end of the rainbow. Every time your make actions and decisions that are not up to the standard they should be, you just got a chance to learn more about the things you have to do to transfer today's you into the required hero you. It's only information. It's just telling you where you need to improve. Understand you are good enough. Right now, you are good enough. If you get this into your head, you'll do the rest. What you are not, yet, is ready.

"Every time I feel like I've made some progress I end up disappointed. I think I've got something, and then it breaks down"

Welcome to speculation, my friend. There are many paths and many dead ends. Your future hero needs to know this. The only way to find this out in a way you know it truly and personally is to have experienced it. This is part of the price that the current you has to pay for the future hero you to be possible. Sucks to be you, for a little while. The longer you stick at it, the more you have compounded experience. When you see something new, you can relate it to things you've seen in the past and be quicker to understand it. The more you've seen, the more potential to understand what you see.

You're just learning to lose. It's not that big a deal in the long term. The problem is you've not framed learning to trade as learning how people lose in trading, as well as how people win. You need to know both sides of the coin. They're almost one and the same. By doing the opposite of those losing, you will become a winner. When you keep that in mind, isn't it wonderful that you can generate tonnes and tonnes of firsthand information on how you can lose money in the Forex markets?

First become a more analytical loser. Do not be emotional. You should know by now your future hero has to be rational, cool, calm and pragmatic. Examine how you lose. Try to find the worst trades, because these are where you can make the most progress. Slightly adjusting your point of view on the markets will make your worst trades your best trades. Doing this is not too hard. The hard bit is truthfully understanding why you make bad trades. What thoughts or analysis you have that routinely produces losing outcomes? Literally on the other side of that is the technical ability needed for your happy ending.

"I've been trying for a long time and I almost feel like I know less now that I ever did"

Welcome to trading, my friend. There will come a horrible point where you feel like the stuff you learned has only made things more complicated. Information conflicts with other information. Your assumptions get blown away by the market doing things you've not seen before. It is like all the progress you have made get wiped out, but it does not. Not as long as are critical in your assessments. Where could you have been better. What did you do wrong. Never allow yourself the luxury of blaming the market or unexpected events. Always ask yourself how you should have done better. If you want excuses for not doing as well as you could have, you'll find them. People will console you with them (because they excuse themselves with them), but the fact is if you do not take every thing that happens and try to work out how you could have done it better, you are squandering opportunities to progress and improve.

Always blame yourself. Don't be harsh on yourself, just always think there is a future hero version of you that can do that so much better. The reason they can, is because they learned to be accountable for their outcomes. Always blaming yourself for your short comings will pay off later, when you know damn well it was you that crafted your own success. It was never luck. You need to take an internal locus of control perspective on the markets (Google that if you do not know what it is). While maintaining this at all times, you must also understand you do not influence the market so you must follow it (not try to dictate it). These are somewhat conflicting things, but that's trading for you.

For all it's nuances and complexity, life is simple enough. Who you are determines what you can do. If you are able to make a profile of the person you'd have to be to do whatever it is you want to do, you can build yourself into that person. A lot of people experience pain because they lament that they are not that person today, but we can enjoy the process if we start to value the building of that person. Each day, we get to do it. Then we get to be it.
submitted by whatthefx to Forex [link] [comments]

11-04 14:33 - 'DIFFERENCE BETWEEN KRATSCOIN AND BITCOIN' (self.Bitcoin) by /u/xia112 removed from /r/Bitcoin within 3-13min

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• The indivisible minimum KRATSCOIN unit is 0.00001 instead of 0.00000001 to denominate realistic currency rates in FOREX. Denomination cannot be determined or dictated by the value of a currency. If KRATSCOIN is valued at USD10,000.00 then the smallest unit of KRATSCOIN at 0.00001 = USD0.10 and nothing smaller than USD0.10 in KRATSCOIN.
Example: If USD1.00 = THB30.00 and the smallest denomination of USD is USD0.10, then a USD0.10 which is THB3.00, is unable to buy a piece of candy at THB1.00. Thus the USD must be converted into a smaller currency of THB in order to buy the THB1.00 candy.
• KRATSCOIN is in-line with standard International Foreign Currency Exchange Practice at indivisible minimum unit 0.00001.
• Each KRATSCOIN is equipped with a 13 digit “SERIAL CODES AND NUMBERS” and there will be a total of 2,100,000,000,000 SERIAL CODES in total.
Example1: 1st KRATSCOIN = AKDJFYRS.00000 Example2: 1st Fraction from 1st KRATSCOIN = AKDJFYRS.00001 Example3: 2nd Fraction from 2nd KRATSCOIN = AKDJFYRS.00002 Example4: Last KRATSCOIN = DLXVZKWR.00000 Example5: 1st Fraction from Last KRATSCOIN = DLXVZKWR.00001 Example6: 2nd Fraction from Last KRATSCOIN = DLXVZKWR.00002
• In Year 2015, Silk Road in DeepWeb utilization of Bitcoin in their transactions amounts to USD1.2billion spanning over 950,000 users. One may argue that Bitcoin is most utilized by the black market, which then maintains its value and worth among other factors. However, the USD1.2bil a year over 950,000 users are far fetch from the Legitimate Users in comparison. Bitcoin transactions runs into USD40.0bil in recent Legitimate Crypto Exchanges. In summary, legitimate transaction of crypto currencies is many times larger use in illegal transactions.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN FIAT AND CRYPTO:
• Fiat Currency is backed by Governments/Countries itself. What determines the value of a currency is the economic health, demand, growth, political stability to name a few, of the respective country. Before 1930, most fiat currencies were backed by gold and silver.
• Since 1971, U.S. citizens have been able to utilize Federal Reserve Notes as the only form of money that for the first time had no currency with any gold or silver backing. This is where you get the saying that U.S. dollars are backed by the “full faith and credit” of the U.S. Government - quoted in google.com.
• What backs crypto value is purely supply and demand. The demand creation of a crypto is its sole objective. To create demand, the crypto has to have a purpose. And most purpose commonly promoted is utility. The number of ways you can utilize the said crypto. The more utilization factors the more demand there is for it.
• There are other ways to substantiate value of a crypto and that is to back the crypto with a 1 to 1 ratio in assets or in USD. Then the question is, how 3,000 crypto currencies in circulation be monetary eco sustainable? Can anyone imagine walking into McDonald and view a chart of 3,000 different pricing? Which also means the crypto is a payment gateway pegging against USD instead of bearing any true characteristic of a currency.
• A country’s currency is in its own legit form of legal tender, the only currency acceptable under financial sovereigns of a country. People in the world must be made to understand that. Retailers in Thailand cannot put up products price tags in EUROS/USD, it is illegal. It has to be in Thai Baht.
• It is hardly imaginable for everyone in the world to retail with a Crypto-Currencies at a rate of 7 transactions per second. When mining nodes are reduced due to non-performing mining ratio, mining blocks in the Blockchain will significantly be limited too, rendering delays in transactions while usage increases.
• In time to come, as trends of crypto picks up, Thailand can issue BAHT COIN or UK the STERLING COIN, exactly what China wishes to do. Digital RMB, but would such crypto currencies be fully decentralized? We all have our answers. Absurd to even think of producing Thai Baht, Pound Sterling or Chinese Yuan at the cost of electricity. It is currencies in digital forms.
KRATSCOIN is not meant for that purpose. In some opinion, apart from utilization, a crypto can be for safekeeping, an entity for keeping money while allowing easy liquidation, at a click of a mobile button, not to mention sending or transferring without the trouble of going to banks, which was the original purpose of Bitcoin to begin with. Therefore, KRATSCOIN would be better termed as Crypto Commodity, sharing similarities as Metal Commodities.
An individual cannot use gold to make a purchase, neither can one eat gold. It can only be kept or invest in for appreciative value over time. Gold is being exampled for its scarcity which reasons for its higher value over its cousin, silver or bronze. Who or what determines the value of gold? Just like any other crypto, demand by humanity. As in all other commodities, it must also be placed in checks by governments. To put in checks, serial numbers are introduced to protect a country’s commodities outflows or illegal exports.
Humanity made Bitcoin a reality. Acceptance by the majority members of the public made Bitcoin to what is it today with the trust they entrusted it with, or is the majority public hopping on the band wagon to make a few quick extra bucks? Whatever the reasons are, the characteristics of Crypto Currencies are only matched by the behavior of Commodities.
SERIALIZED COINS - WHAT IT MEANS FOR THE PUBLIC: Every currency has its own remarkable name, design and colors. Dollars, Euros, Pound, Tugrik, Peso, Rupee, Rupiah, Dina, Ringgit, Baht and the list carries on. One thing every currency have in common - Serial Numbers.
In any crime, investigators will firstly establish motives and mode of operation, both of which are very likely related to money. So following the money trial is a natural thing to do for investigators/authorities and it has become a common practice. Crimes require funding ie robbers need money to buy guns to carry out its robbing activities. Cutting off financing will reduce criminal activities. That’s the approach governments of the WORLD have adopted for crime fighting.
Perhaps people do not realize this while most do not feel the pinch. Humanity tends to take life for granted until apocalypse happens. Take a minute to visualize the tallest tower in your homeland collapse into a pile of dust with thousands of casualties effecting everything else that comes to mind. Imagine a family member, just 1 is enough, is among those casualties.
• Imagine if monetary system is not in place and drug dealers, among many, roam the earth freely distributing what can be death threatening substance to your kids. What if you are mugged of your inheritance [items left to you by your father] that is beyond retrieval? As for crypto enthusiast, what if your wallet gets hacked as even the mighty Pentagon gets hacked. All the above can go away if the crypto system leaves a trail for hound dogs to sniff out. Money Trail or Serial Codes Trail to be exact.
• Citizens rely on governments and their countries to do what is best for them to lead their daily lives, flourish, advance, improve and strive but at the same time, citizens want to take away the single most important thing deemed crucial in the hierarchy of humanity from governments with additional boastful remarks such as “I transferred $400 million from one corner of the earth to another corner in a single transaction and no governments can do anything about it”.
• In-short, to boast unregulated financial movement is to arrogantly promote crime without realizing it while challenging the world’s monetary authority. Oldest advice in the book teaches us never to pick a fight we can’t win.
• Serial Coded Coins does not take away the financial movement freedom nor does it take away your privacy. It merely provides Authorities the necessary means needed for crime prevention and fighting. It only re-inforce security and safety. SERIALIZED COINS - WHAT IT MEANS FOR GOVERNMENTS: • Governments are relentlessly trying to find new ways to keep track of crypto transactions. Crypto Currency Exchanges, just like all other Financial Institutions and Banks, are required to practice the most stringent Know Your Customer (widely known as KYC) process. The KYC is designed to provide governing agencies and authorities with information pertaining to crypto ownerships.
• But no governments can have information on Peer-to-Peer (also known as P2P) transactions unless the government in question launch a full scale Federal Investigation on certain suspected individuals seeking Wallet Developers to unveil the ownership of certain wallet addresses. Do not forget, National and Global Security trumps Privacy Act. Refusal to co-operate under the pretext of Global or National Security will only result in an out-right ban, which is exactly what happened to Blackberry.
• Questions to Governments – What if Wallet Developers or Crypto Exchanges shuts down which can happen for various reasons be it foul-play, sinister or forcefully under threat? What if servers are damaged and ruined? An EMP strike or a simple magnet can make it happen. Information/identities of suspected customers of such addresses shall be lost forever and along with it the Money Trial.
• The most probable way of evading Authorities with crypto assets are developing an e-wallet for own illicit purpose. Since the cost of developing an e-wallet is relatively low in considerable cost to hiding, what can governments do to flush out these ants from the vast networks of tunnels?
• With Serialized Coded Crypto Assets, it doesn’t matter if servers of Exchanges or Wallets are destroyed. The Serial Codes of each token/coin enables governments of every participating country to track both origin and destination by identifying records of each token/coin in wallet address. It can disappear into a cold wallet but emerging some place later yet Authorities can still detail which particular token/coin has at one moment of time been into which wallet, on what day and date.
• If the battle of financial crimes can be resolved with a simple Serialize Coded Crypto Asset, the eradication of corruptions, money laundering, unlawful proceeds and terrorism financing will be made possible. Criminals can no longer exploit the genius creation of Sathoshi – Blockchain and Crypto-Currencies.
• Global Security, Anti-Terrorism Financing and Money Laundering could just be excuses granting government agencies the need to have access to financial information in the Monetary System. Nonetheless, it is in the interest of every nation that capital outflow is controlled. Capital Outflow is most frequent when the economy of a country is deteriorating. In the face of an economy meltdown, monetary flow is most needed and yet citizens tend to transfer monies further away illegally from their own country in an act of selfishness. This would not be tolerated by any country. Serial Coded Coin shall prove this attempt futile.
• In most part of Asian Countries, many crypto-currency mining operations are carried out illegally. The legality sits on thin fine line where Authorities can pin only stealing of electricity as a major concern to the respective country. Since most Power Companies belongs to the Country in one way or another, it is financially damaging to Power Producers and Utility Suppliers. Serial Codes can determine if the KRATSCOIN is mined legally or illegally making it difficult for miners or mining farms to mine crypto while avoiding making electricity payments. Will this deterrent disrupt the chain of KRATSCOIN supply? That’s not how Blockchain Tech works. TAXATIONS - WHAT IT MEANS FOR PUBLIC AND GOVERNMENTS: • Taxation cannot be imposed on “Illegal & Unlawful Proceeds” instead confiscation is enforced in many countries. Origins or proceeds of Serialized Coded Crypto Assets can be easily identified by the Serial Codes in-conjunction with the Blockchain. This exercise can evidently proof the legitimacy of the aforesaid token/coin. By “Illegal & Unlawful Proceeds” also refers to crypto coins obtained via illegal mining operations.
• Taxation on Crypto Assets are calculated on profits deriving from the sale/disposal of the crypto Assets. If we are small crypto believers, the amount of taxation rendered by Inland Revenue will be insignificant. Why risk Freedom of Life over Freedom of Small Monies. If we are big crypto believers, taxation on Serialized Coded Coins can be considered added security to your assets protection.
• By adopting Serialized Crypto Assets, declaration is made easily possible via proof of token/coin origin via the Blockchain. If the Authorities can know where our crypto assets come from, the Authorities will know where it will disappear to. It is taxation cum insurance in one tiny sum. This added security with freedom feature will encourage self-declarations of crypto assets to Authorities and Agencies. PRIVACY & ANONIMITY: • Many may be skeptical of their wealth being tracked and monitored. But in this era of technological advance society, everything we touches has our signature. Banks, iPhones, Samsung Mobiles, Google, Facebook, Whatsapp, WeChat, LINE, Viber, Facebook, Properties, Utilities. Almost everything. It is to this fact that there is a need for Privacy Protection Act.
• As explained before, Crypto Currency Exchange KYC procedures is designed to expose the identity of Crypto Assets ownership. The Blockchain is supposed to serve as a transparent information platform. The question of privacy over Serialized Coded Coins does not exist, it does not make Serialized Coded Coins ownership any less private.
• Ownership of wallet addresses shall always remain anonymous while the only way Authorities can get to it is through Wallet Developers by virtue of Global/National Security Threats or by a Court Order as per the Privacy Protection Act. SAFETY & SECURITY (CODED CRYPTO VS FIAT + COMMODITIES): • No human mind can memorize the millions of serial numbers printed on fiat currencies. The records of Serialized Coded Coins will forever be in the Blockchain embedded within each transaction from wallet to wallet.
• Serialized Commodities such as gold can be melted down. Diamonds recrafted. Fiat double printed. But not Serialized Coded Crypto Assets.
• Should an accessory system be added into the KRATSCOIN Blockchain, allowing reports on criminal activity be made within the Blockchain, notifying all ledgers of certain stolen Serial Coded Coins, enabling WARNINGS and forbidding next transaction of that particular Serial Coded Coin, wouldn’t this function enhance protection. A theft deterrent function which can never be achieved with physical gold, diamonds or fiat. KRATSCOIN SUMMARY: • Most crypto currencies have not reach a level of security alert for governments. This could be the only reason why a possible ban has not been discussed. China and India has begun efforts to control or ban crypto currencies in their quest to combat capital outflow, writer’s personal opinion. The EU has stopped Libra from implementation. “A company cannot be allowed Authoring Power for issuance of currencies” quoted the governments. KRATSCOIN is fully decentralized with no ownership nor control by any country, company or individual. Once again, the beauty of Bitcoin decentralization concept prevails.
• “There is no such thing as a world currency. However, since World War II, the dominant or reserve currency of the world has been the U.S. dollar” quoted in google.com.
• Most countries have “Foreign Reserves” as backing to a country’s fiat currency. It is a mean of “back up” attempt should all factors above mentioned leading to the value of their currencies collapse. Then what will happen if the Country of the Foreign Reserves collapse?
• Serial Coded KRATSCOIN belongs to no one, no country, no company and therefore theoretically shall not be effected by politics, war or global economy meltdown yet everyone, every country and every government is able to benefit from KRATSCOIN.
"Quoted by" [[link]6 [[link]7 [[link]8 [[link]9 [[link]10
'''
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN KRATSCOIN AND BITCOIN
Go1dfish undelete link
unreddit undelete link
Author: xia112
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Trump Didn’t Kill the Global Trade System. He Split It in Two.

This article is taken from the Wall Street Journal written about nine months ago and sits behind a a paywall, so I decided to copy and paste it here. This article explains Trump's policies toward global trade and what has actually happened so far. I think the article does a decent job of explaining the Trade War. While alot has happenedsince the article was written, I still think its relevant.
However, what is lacking in the article, like many articles on the trade war, is it doesn't really explain the history of US trade policy, the laws that the US administration is using to place tariffs on China and the official justification for the US President in enacting tariffs against China. In my analysis I will cover those points.

SUMMARY

When Trump entered the White House people feared he would dismantle the global system the US and its allies had built over the last 75 years, but he hasn't. He has realign into two systems. One between the US and its allies which looks similar to the one built since the 1980s with a few of quota and tariffs. As the article points out
Today, Korus and Nafta have been replaced by updated agreements(one not yet ratified) that look much like the originals. South Korea accepted quotas on steel. Mexico and Canada agreed to higher wages, North American content requirements and quotas for autos. Furthermore, the article points out Douglas Irwin, an economist and trade historian at Dartmouth College, calls these results the “status quo with Trumpian tweaks: a little more managed trade sprinkled about for favored industries. It’s not good, but it’s not the destruction of the system.” Mr. Trump’s actions so far affect only 12% of U.S. imports, according to Chad Bown of the Peterson Institute for International Economics. In 1984, 21% of imports were covered by similar restraints, many imposed by Mr. Reagan, such as on cars, steel, motorcycles and clothing. Protectionist instincts go so far in the US, there are strong lobby groups for both protectionist and freetrade in the US.
The second reflects a emerging rivalry between the US and China. Undo some of the integration that followed China accession to the WTO. Two questions 1) How far is the US willing to decouple with China 2) Can it persuade allies to join.
The second is going to be difficult because China's economic ties are greater than they were between the Soviets, and China isn't waging an ideological struggle. Trump lacks Reagan commitment to alliance and free trade. The status quo with China is crumbling Dan Sullivan, a Republican senator from Alaska, personifies these broader forces reshaping the U.S. approach to the world. When Mr. Xi visited the U.S. in 2015, Mr. Sullivan urged his colleagues to pay more attention to China’s rise. On the Senate floor, he quoted the political scientist Graham Allison: “War between the U.S. and China is more likely than recognized at the moment.” Last spring, Mr. Sullivan went to China and met officials including Vice President Wang Qishan. They seemed to think tensions with the U.S. will fade after Mr. Trump leaves the scene, Mr. Sullivan recalled. “I just said, ‘You are completely misreading this.’” The mistrust, he told them, is bipartisan, and will outlast Mr. Trump. both Bush II and Obama tried to change dialogue and engagement, but by the end of his term, Obama was questioning the approach. Trump has declared engagement. “We don’t like it when our allies steal our ideas either, but it’s a much less dangerous situation,” said Derek Scissors, a China expert at the American Enterprise Institute whose views align with the administration’s more hawkish officials. “We’re not worried about the war-fighting capability of Japan and Korea because they’re our friends.”
The article also points out unlike George Kennan in 1946 who made a case for containing the Soviet Union, the US hasn't explicitly made a case for containing the Soviets, Trump's administration hasn't, because as the the article explains its divided Michael Pillsbury a Hudson Institute scholar close to the Trump team, see 3 scenarios
Pillsbury thinks the third is most likely to happen, even though the administration hasn't said that it has adopted that policy. The US is stepping efforts to draw in other trading partners. The US, EU and Japan have launched a WTO effort to crack down on domestic subsidies and technology transfers requirement. US and Domestic concerns with prompted some countries to restrict Huawei. The US is also seeking to walloff China from other trade deals. However, there are risk with this strategy

ARTICLE

Trump Didn’t Kill the Global Trade System. He Split It in Two.

INTRODUCTION

My main criticism of this article is it tries like the vast majority of articles to fit US trade actions in the larger context of US geopolitical strategy. Even the author isn't certain "The first goes to the heart of Mr. Trump’s goal. If his aim is to hold back China’s advance, economists predict he will fail.". If you try to treat the trade "war" and US geopolitical strategy toward China as one, you will find yourself quickly frustrated and confused. If you treat them separately with their different set of stakeholders and histories, were they intersect with regards to China, but diverge. During the Cold War, trade policy toward the Soviet Union and Eastern Bloc was subordinated to geopolitical concerns. For Trump, the trade issues are more important than geopolitical strategy. His protectionist trade rhetoric has been fairly consistent since 1980s. In his administration, the top cabinet members holding economic portfolios, those of Commerce, Treasury and US Trade Representative are the same people he picked when he first took office. The Director of the Economic Council has changed hands once, its role isn't as important as the National Security Advisor. While State, Defense, CIA, Homeland Security, UN Ambassador, National Security Advisor have changed hands at least once. Only the Director of National Intelligence hasn't changed.
International Trade makes up 1/4 of the US economy, and like national security its primarily the responsibility of the Federal government. States in the US don't implement their own tariffs. If you add the impact of Treasury policy and how it relates to capital flows in and out of the US, the amounts easily exceed the size of the US economy. Furthermore, because of US Dollar role as the reserve currency and US control of over global system the impact of Treasury are global. Trade policy and investment flows runs through two federal departments Commerce and Treasury and for trade also USTR. Defense spending makes up 3.3% of GDP, and if you add in related homeland security its at most 4%. Why would anyone assume that these two realms be integrated let alone trade policy subordinate to whims of a national security bureaucracy in most instances? With North Korea or Iran, trade and investment subordinate themselves to national security, because to Treasury and Commerce bureaucrats and their affiliated interest groups, Iran and the DPRK are well, economic midgets, but China is a different matter.
The analysis will be divided into four sections. The first will be to provide a brief overview of US trade policy since 1914. The second section will discuss why the US is going after China on trade issues, and why the US has resorted using a bilateral approach as opposed to going through the WTO. The third section we will talk about how relations with China is hashed out in the US.
The reason why I submitted this article, because there aren't many post trying to explain US-China Trade War from a trade perspective. Here is a post titled "What is the Reasons for America's Trade War with China, and not one person mentioned Article 301 or China's WTO Commitments. You get numerous post saying that Huawei is at heart of the trade war. Its fine, but if you don't know what was inside the USTR Investigative report that lead to the tariffs. its like skipping dinner and only having dessert When the US President, Donald J Trump, says he wants to negotiate a better trade deal with other countries, and has been going on about for the last 35 years, longer than many of you have been alive, why do people think that the key issues with China aren't primarily about trade at the moment.

OVERVIEW OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE ORIENTATION

Before 1940s, the US could be categorized as a free market protectionist economy. For many this may seem like oxymoron, how can an economy be free market and protectionist? In 1913, government spending made up about 7.5% of US GDP, in the UK it was 13%, and for Germany 18% (Public Spending in the 20th Century A Global Perspective: Ludger Schuknecht and Vito Tanzi - 2000). UK had virtual zero tariffs, while for manufactured goods in France it was 20%, 13% Germany, 9% Belgium and 4% Netherlands. For raw materials and agricultural products, it was almost zero. In contrast, for the likes of United States, Russia and Japan it was 44%, 84% and 30% respectively. Even though in 1900 United States was an economic powerhouse along with Germany, manufactured exports only made up 30% of exports, and the US government saw tariffs as exclusively a domestic policy matter and didn't see tariffs as something to be negotiated with other nations. The US didn't have the large constituency to push the government for lower tariffs abroad for their exports like in Britain in the 1830-40s (Reluctant Partners: A History of Multilateral Trade Cooperation, 1850-2000).
The Underwood Tariffs Act of 1913 which legislated the income tax, dropped the tariffs to 1850 levels levels.Until 16th amendment was ratified in 1913 making income tax legal, all US federal revenue came from excise and tariffs. In contrast before 1914, about 50% of UK revenue came from income taxes. The reason for US reluctance to introduced income tax was ideological and the United State's relative weak government compared to those in Europe. After the First World War, the US introduced the Emergency Tariff Act of 1921, than the Fordney–McCumber Tariff of 1922 followed by a Smoot-Hawley Act of 1930. Contrary to popular opinion, the Smoot-Hawley Act of 1930 had a small negative impact on the economy, since imports and exports played a small part of the US economy, and the tariffs were lower than the average that existed from 1850-1914.
Immediately after the Second World War, when the US economy was the only industrialized economy left standing, the economic focus was on rehabilitation and monetary stability. There was no grandiose and ideological design. Bretton Woods system linked the US dollar to gold to create monetary stability, and to avoid competitive devaluation and tariffs that plagued the world economy after Britain took itself off the gold in 1931. The US$ was the natural choice, because in 1944 2/3 of the world's gold was in the US. One reason why the Marshall Plan was created was to alleviate the chronic deficits Europeans countries had with the US between 1945-50. It was to rebuild their economies so they could start exports good to the US. Even before it was full implemented in 1959, it was already facing problems, the trade surpluses that the US was running in the 1940s, turned to deficits as European and Japanese economies recovered. By 1959, Federal Reserves foreign liabilities had already exceeded its gold reserves. There were fears of a run on the US gold supply and arbitrage. A secondary policy of the Bretton woods system was curbs on capital outflows to reduce speculation on currency pegs, and this had a negative impact on foreign investment until it was abandoned in 1971. It wasn't until the 1980s, where foreign investment recovered to levels prior to 1914. Factoring out the big spike in global oil prices as a result of the OPEC cartel, it most likely wasn't until the mid-1990s that exports as a % of GDP had reached 1914 levels.
Until the 1980s, the US record regarding free trade and markets was mediocre. The impetus to remove trade barriers in Europe after the Second World War was driven by the Europeans themselves. The EEC already had a custom union in 1968, Canada and the US have yet to even discuss implementing one. Even with Canada it took the US over 50 years to get a Free Trade Agreement. NAFTA was inspired by the success of the EEC. NAFTA was very much an elite driven project. If the Americans put the NAFTA to a referendum like the British did with the EEC in the seventies, it most likely wouldn't pass. People often look at segregation in the US South as a political issue, but it was economic issue as well. How could the US preach free trade, when it didn't have free trade in its own country. Segregation was a internal non-tariff barrier. In the first election after the end of the Cold War in 1992, Ross Perot' based most of independent run for the Presidency on opposition to NAFTA. He won 19% of the vote. Like Ross Perot before him, Donald Trump is not the exception in how America has handled tariffs since the founding of the Republic, but more the norm.
The embrace of free trade by the business and political elite can be attributed to two events. After the end of Bretton Woods in 1971, a strong vested interest in the US in the form of multinationals and Wall Street emerged advocating for removal of tariffs and more importantly the removal of restrictions on free flow of capital, whether direct foreign investment in portfolio investment. However, the political class embrace of free trade and capital only really took off after the collapse of the Soviet Union propelled by Cold War triumphalism.
As mentioned by the article, the US is reverting back to a pre-WTO relations with China. As Robert Lighthizer said in speech in 2000
I guess my prescription, really, is to move back to more of a negotiating kind of a settlement. Return to WTO and what it really was meant to be. Something where you have somebody make a decision but have it not be binding.
The US is using financial and legal instruments developed during the Cold War like its extradition treaties (with Canada and Europe), and Section 301. Here is a very good recent article about enforcement commitment that China will make.‘Painful’ enforcement ahead for China if trade war deal is reached with US insisting on unilateral terms
NOTE: It is very difficult to talk about US-China trade war without a basic knowledge of global economic history since 1914. What a lot of people do is politicize or subordinate the economic history to the political. Some commentators think US power was just handed to them after the Second World War, when the US was the only industrialized economy left standing. The dominant position of the US was temporary and in reality its like having 10 tonnes of Gold sitting in your house, it doesn't automatically translate to influence. The US from 1945-1989 was slowly and gradually build her influence in the non-Communist world. For example, US influence in Canada in the 1960s wasn't as strong as it is now. Only 50% of Canadian exports went to the US in 1960s vs 80% at the present moment.

BASIS OF THE US TRADE DISCUSSION WITH CHINA

According to preliminary agreement between China and the US based on unnamed sources in the Wall Street Journal article US, China close in on Trade Deal. In this article it divides the deal in two sections. The first aspects have largely to do with deficits and is political.
As part of a deal, China is pledging to help level the playing field, including speeding up the timetable for removing foreign-ownership limitations on car ventures and reducing tariffs on imported vehicles to below the current auto tariff of 15%. Beijing would also step up purchases of U.S. goods—a tactic designed to appeal to President Trump, who campaigned on closing the bilateral trade deficit with China. One of the sweeteners would be an $18 billion natural-gas purchase from Cheniere Energy Inc., people familiar with the transaction said.
The second part will involve the following.
  1. Commitment Regarding Industrial Policy
  2. Provisions to protect IP
  3. Mechanism which complaints by US companies can be addressed
  4. Bilateral meetings adjudicate disputes. If talks don't produce agreement than US can raise tariffs unilaterally
This grouping of conditions is similar to the points filled under the 301 investigation which serve the basis for initiating the tariffs. I have been reading some sources that say this discussion on this second group of broader issues could only be finalized later
The official justifications for placing the tariffs on Chinese goods is found under the March 2018 investigation submitted by the office of the President to Congress titled FINDINGS OF THE INVESTIGATION INTO CHINA’S ACTS, POLICIES, AND PRACTICES RELATED TO TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER, INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY, AND INNOVATION UNDER SECTION 301 OF THE TRADE ACT OF 1974. From this investigation the United States Trade Representative (USTR) place US Tariffs on Chinese goods as per Section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974. Here is a press release by the USTR listing the reasons for placing tariffs, and the key section from the press release. Specifically, the Section 301 investigation revealed:
In the bigger context of trade relations between US and China, China is not honoring its WTO commitments, and the USTR issued its yearly report to Congress in early February about the status of China compliance with its WTO commitments. The points that served as a basis for applying Section 301, also deviate from her commitments as Clinton's Trade Representative Charlene Barshefsky paving the way for a trade war. Barshefsky argues that China's back sliding was happening as early as 2006-07, and believes the trade war could have been avoided has those commitments been enforced by previous administrations.
I will provide a brief overview of WTO membership and China's process of getting into the WTO.
WTO members can be divided into two groups, first are countries that joined in 1995-97, and were members of GATT, than there are the second group that joined after 1997. China joined in 2001. There is an argument that when China joined in 2001, she faced more stringent conditions than other developing countries that joined before, because the vast majority of developing countries were members of GATT, and were admitted to the WTO based on that previous membership in GATT. Here is Brookings Institute article published in 2001 titled "Issues in China’s WTO Accession"
This question is all the more puzzling because the scope and depth of demands placed on entrants into the formal international trading system have increased substantially since the formal conclusion of the Uruguay Round of trade negotiations in 1994, which expanded the agenda considerably by covering many services, agriculture, intellectual property, and certain aspects of foreign direct investment. Since 1994, the international community has added agreements covering information technology, basic telecommunications services, and financial services. WTO membership now entails liberalization of a much broader range of domestic economic activity, including areas that traditionally have been regarded by most countries as among the most sensitive, than was required of countries entering the WTO’s predecessor organization the GATT.
The terms of China’s protocol of accession to the World Trade Organization reflect the developments just described and more. China’s market access commitments are much more far-reaching than those that governed the accession of countries only a decade ago. And, as a condition for membership, China was required to make protocol commitments that substantially exceed those made by any other member of the World Trade Organization, including those that have joined since 1995. The broader and deeper commitments China has made inevitably will entail substantial short-term economic costs.
What are the WTO commitments Barshefsky goes on about? When countries join the WTO, particularly those countries that weren't members of GATT and joined after 1997, they have to work toward fulfilling certain commitments. There are 4 key documents when countries make an accession to WTO membership, the working party report, the accession protocol paper, the goods schedule and service schedule.
In the working party report as part of the conclusion which specifies the commitment of each member country what they will do in areas that aren't compliant with WTO regulations on the date they joined. The problem there is no good enforcement mechanism for other members to force China to comply with these commitments. And WTO punishments are weak.
Here is the commitment paragraph for China
"The Working Party took note of the explanations and statements of China concerning its foreign trade regime, as reflected in this Report. The Working Party took note of the commitments given by China in relation to certain specific matters which are reproduced in paragraphs 18-19, 22-23, 35-36, 40, 42, 46-47, 49, 60, 62, 64, 68, 70, 73, 75, 78-79, 83-84, 86, 91-93, 96, 100-103, 107, 111, 115-117, 119-120, 122-123, 126-132, 136, 138, 140, 143, 145, 146, 148, 152, 154, 157, 162, 165, 167-168, 170-174, 177-178, 180, 182, 184-185, 187, 190-197, 199-200, 203-207, 210, 212-213, 215, 217, 222-223, 225, 227-228, 231-235, 238, 240-242, 252, 256, 259, 263, 265, 270, 275, 284, 286, 288, 291, 292, 296, 299, 302, 304-305, 307-310, 312-318, 320, 322, 331-334, 336, 339 and 341 of this Report and noted that these commitments are incorporated in paragraph 1.2 of the Draft Protocol. "
This is a tool by the WTO that list all the WTO commitment of each country in the working paper. In the goods and service schedule they have commitments for particular sectors. Here is the a press release by the WTO in September 2001, after successfully concluding talks for accession, and brief summary of key areas in which China hasn't fulfilled her commitments. Most of the commitments made by China were made to address its legacy as a non-market economy and involvement of state owned enterprises. In my opinion, I think the US government and investors grew increasingly frustrated with China, after 2007 not just because of China's back sliding, but relative to other countries who joined after 1997 like Vietnam, another non-market Leninist dictatorship. When comparing China's commitments to the WTO its best to compare her progress with those that joined after 1997, which were mostly ex-Soviet Republics.
NOTE: The Chinese media have for two decades compared any time the US has talked about China's currency manipulation or any other issue as a pretext for imposing tariffs on China to the Plaza Accords. I am very sure people will raise it here. My criticism of this view is fourfold. First, the US targeted not just Japan, but France, Britain and the UK as well. Secondly, the causes of the Japan lost decade were due largely to internal factors. Thirdly, Japan, UK, Britain and France in the 1980s, the Yuan isn't undervalued today. Lastly, in the USTR investigation, its China's practices that are the concern, not so much the trade deficit.

REASONS FOR TRUMPS UNILATERAL APPROACH

I feel that people shouldn't dismiss Trump's unilateral approach toward China for several reasons.
  1. The multilateral approach won't work in many issues such as the trade deficit, commercial espionage and intellectual property, because US and her allies have different interest with regard to these issues. Germany and Japan and trade surpluses with China, while the US runs a deficit. In order to reach a consensus means the West has to compromise among themselves, and the end result if the type of toothless resolutions you commonly find in ASEAN regarding the SCS. Does America want to "compromise" its interest to appease a politician like Justin Trudeau? Not to mention opposition from domestic interest. TPP was opposed by both Clinton and Trump during the election.
  2. You can't launch a geopolitical front against China using a newly formed trade block like the TPP. Some of the existing TPP members are in economic groups with China, like Malaysia and Australia.
  3. China has joined a multitude of international bodies, and at least in trade, these bodies haven't changed its behavior.
  4. Dealing with China, its a no win situation whether you use a tough multilateral / unilateral approach. If the US endorse a tough unilateral approach gives the impression that the US is acting like the British during the Opium War. If you take a concerted Western approach you are accused of acting like the 8 Powers Alliance in 1900.
  5. Trump was elected to deal with China which he and his supporters believe was responsible for the loss of millions manufacturing jobs when China joined the WTO in 2001. It is estimate the US lost 6 Million jobs, about 1/4 of US manufacturing Jobs. This has been subsequently advanced by some economists. The ball got rolling when Bill Clinton decided to grant China Most Favored Nation status in 1999, just a decade after Tiananmen.
  6. China hasn't dealt with issues like IP protection, market access, subsidies to state own companies and state funded industrial spying.
To his credit, Trump has said his aim was not to overthrow authoritarian governments, and that even applies to the likes of Iran. The Arab spring scared Russia and China, because the US for a brief moment placed the spread of democracy over its security interest.

UNDERSTANDING HOW THE US MAKES DECISIONS REGARDING CHINA

At this moment, China or the trade war isn't an area of great concern for the American public, among international issues it ranks lower than international terrorism, North Korea and Iran's nuclear program.
According to the survey, 39 percent of the country views China’s growing power as a “critical threat” to Americans. That ranked it only eighth among 12 potential threats listed and placed China well behind the perceived threats from international terrorism (66 percent), North Korea’s nuclear program (59 percent) and Iran’s nuclear program (52 percent). It’s also considerably lower than when the same question was asked during the 1990s, when more than half of those polled listed China as a critical threat. That broadly tracks with a recent poll from the Pew Research Center that found concern about U.S.-China economic issues had decreased since 2012.
In looking at how US conducts relations foreign policy with China, we should look at it from the three areas of most concern - economic, national security and ideology. Each sphere has their interest groups, and sometimes groups can occupy two spheres at once. Security experts are concerned with some aspects of China's economic actions like IP theft and industrial policy (China 2025), because they are related to security. In these sphere there are your hawks and dove. And each sphere is dominated by certain interest groups. That is why US policy toward China can often appear contradictory. You have Trump want to reduce the trade deficit, but security experts advocating for restrictions on dual use technology who are buttressed by people who want export restrictions on China, as a way of getting market access.
Right now the economic concerns are most dominant, and the hawks seem to dominate. The economic hawks traditionally have been domestic manufacturing companies and economic nationalist. In reality the hawks aren't dominant, but the groups like US Companies with large investment in China and Wall Street are no longer defending China, and some have turned hawkish against China. These US companies are the main conduit in which China's lobby Congress, since China only spends 50% of what Taiwan spends lobbying Congress.
THE ANGLO SAXON WORLD AND CHINA
I don't think many Chinese even those that speak English, have a good understanding Anglo-Saxon society mindset. Anglo Saxons countries, whether US, UK, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Ireland are commerce driven society governed by sanctity of contracts. The English great philosophical contributions to Western philosophy have primarily to do with economics and politics like Adam Smith, John Locke, David Hume and Thomas Hobbes. This contrast with the French and Germans. Politics in the UK and to a lesser extent the US, is centered around economics, while in Mainland Europe its religion. When the Americans revolted against the British Empire in 1776, the initial source of the grievances were taxes.
Outside of East Asia, the rest of the World's relationship with China was largely commercial, and for United States, being an Anglosaxon country, even more so. In Southeast Asia, Chinese aren't known for high culture, but for trade and commerce. Outside Vietnam, most of Chinese loans words in Southeast Asian languages involve either food or money. The influence is akin to Yiddish in English.
Some people point to the Mao and Nixon meeting as great strategic breakthrough and symbol of what great power politics should look like. The reality is that the Mao-Nixon meeting was an anomaly in the long history of relations with China and the West. Much of China-Western relations over the last 500 years was conducted by multitudes of nameless Chinese and Western traders. The period from 1949-1979 was the only period were strategic concerns triumphed trade, because China had little to offer except instability and revolution. Even in this period, China's attempt to spread revolution in Southeast Asia was a threat to Western investments and corporate interest in the region. During the nadir of both the Qing Dynasty and Republican period, China was still engaged in its traditional commercial role. Throughout much of history of their relations with China, the goals of Britain and the United States were primarily economic,
IMAGINE JUST 10% OF CHINA BOUGHT MY PRODUCT
From the beginning, the allure of China to Western businesses and traders has been its sheer size I. One of the points that the USTR mentions is lack of market access for US companies operating in China, while Chinese companies face much less restrictions operating in the US.
This is supported by remarks by Henry Paulson and Charlene Barshefsky. As Paulson remarked
Trade with China has hurt some American workers. And they have expressed their grievances at the ballot box.
So while many attribute this shift to the Trump Administration, I do not. What we are now seeing will likely endure for some time within the American policy establishment. China is viewed—by a growing consensus—not just as a strategic challenge to the United States but as a country whose rise has come at America’s expense. In this environment, it would be helpful if the US-China relationship had more advocates. That it does not reflects another failure:
In large part because China has been slow to open its economy since it joined the WTO, the American business community has turned from advocate to skeptic and even opponent of past US policies toward China. American business doesn’t want a tariff war but it does want a more aggressive approach from our government. How can it be that those who know China best, work there, do business there, make money there, and have advocated for productive relations in the past, are among those now arguing for more confrontation? The answer lies in the story of stalled competition policy, and the slow pace of opening, over nearly two decades. This has discouraged and fragmented the American business community. And it has reinforced the negative attitudinal shift among our political and expert classes. In short, even though many American businesses continue to prosper in China, a growing number of firms have given up hope that the playing field will ever be level. Some have accepted the Faustian bargain of maximizing today’s earnings per share while operating under restrictions that jeopardize their future competitiveness. But that doesn’t mean they’re happy about it. Nor does it mean they aren’t acutely aware of the risks — or thinking harder than ever before about how to diversify their risks away from, and beyond, China.
What is interesting about Paulson's speech is he spend only one sentence about displaced US workers, and a whole paragraph about US business operating in China. While Kissinger writes books about China, how much does he contribute to both Democrats and the Republicans during the election cycle? China is increasingly makING it more difficult for US companies operating and those exporting products to China.

CONTINUED

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